Metal Organic Framework to store Methane

Since this blog is mostly about fracking and in Arlington Gasland TX we frack for Methane, I want to add this to my file since it is related to methane storage using Metal Organic Frameworks.

After working for a startup water generator company using a desiccant (water attraction/storage) to attract humidity and then applying the (heavy solar footprint) solar panels to bake the water out, I have an interest in studying the emerging technologies in desiccants and in solar panels (as well as Geothermal Deep Direct Use).

In this purely voluntary research, I ran across MOF’s aka Metal Organic Frameworks at which I found MOF’s and hybrid Perovskite. Read my previous blog to learn about Perovskite crystals.

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PEROVSkite a kite dream rewarding Impact Investment

I accidentally acquired Tesla stock when they aquired SolarCity. Albeit it was an impulse/impact investment buy and of negligible value, (at which I lost about 30% the day after I bought it), I follow stories related to my stock picks. I like to put my money where my mouth is (correction … our money….well my husband is the breadwinner…so correction-his money). I have been blogging about fracking risks w/o income since we got fracked in #ArlingtonGaslandTX and have been touting renewable energy CHOICES (including battery advances). So in following OilPrice.com, I noticed they were using a trap video (they make U watch the whole video only to not get the name of what you should invest in). They talked about this super crystal that could replace traditional silicon solar panels as a potential “solar-coating” for roof tops and such. Forbes, however, recently tweeted about (said?) crystal using a traditional solar panel pic. In google searching for a super crystal, I believe they were talking about Perovskite that already has 2.9 million search results on Google as well as having well established twitter discussions.

Of note is that as I blog about this there is a Perovskite conference happening NOT in the United States of course….pff…

However, here is a Stanford tweet on #Perovskite, https://www.engadget.com/2017/09/04/stanford-perovskite-solar-cells-insect-eyes/?utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter&utm_campaign=postfity&utm_content=postfityc5ca8.

Having briefly worked for a startup company for water generators, I learned that not all fantastic earth changing technologies can afford to be sustained past four or five years even with free media coverage enlisting new potential investors. So when a new technology/material-use etc. is emerging, I like to read white papers and blog about it as my contribution to my tenancy on this precious, fragile planet to help out mankind from its own fossil fuel addiction extinction trajectory…..and if I make some stock income from my research to help pay for my exorbitant medical insurance premiums, so be it.

Professor Michael Grätzel is the founder and inventor of Perovskite Solar Cell
technology per a perovskite rebranding document.

There are those investors that are sheerly driven by the economics of a stock rather than the common good of the “impact investment”….aka my impulse buy of SolarCity being in the technology stock segment. Note that renewables (ex. S&P 500 Fossil Fuel Free Index, Green ETFs -exchange traded funds) are not in the fossil fuel energy sector.

Some of the challenging issues for Perosvkite per this most recent 2017 publication, http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2017/ta/c7ta00366h#!divAbstract,  are instability issues and (the need for) lead-free perovskite.

This tweet speaks of the Perovskite raw materials (interactions) peroxide damages, https://twitter.com/aneesh401/status/863738598570561536.

Oxford’s Department of Physics and lead author of a Perovskite study, Dr Nakita Noel, said: “At the moment, there are three main solvents used in the manufacture of perovskite solar cells, and they are all toxic,…”. He goes on to say (by combining methylamine & acetonitrile) We have now developed the first clean, low-boiling-point, low-viscosity solvent for this purpose”.   I also learned that “Perovskites also have the shortest ‘energy payback time’ – the time taken for a material to save the same amount of energy that was expended in its production”. 

On another promising note, ScienceDaily.com wrote, https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170725122105.htm

“New world efficiency record with perovskite solar cells

Date:
July 25, 2017
Source:
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST)
Summary:
Scientists have developed a new cost-efficient way to produce inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) which sets a new world-record efficiency performance of 22.1 percent”

–end—

In closing, evidently for a price you can buy a Perovskite stock buying guide entitled “Global Perovskite Solar Cell Market 2017 :Solaronix, *Dyesol, 3G Solar, Fujikura, Sharp Solar, Solar Print, BASF”  at this link: http://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/3205593#ixzz4t2hT05it.

Good luck and may the impact investing bug reward you as if our very existence on this planet hinges on it.

 

Disclaimer: I do not currently own any stock related to Perovskite

*DYEsol is now in the Australian Stock Exchange as ticker symbol, GSL (Greatcell Solar Ltd)

Posted in batteries, impact investing, money grab, renewables, super capacitator, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Hurricanes R Strategic Boons for Natural Gas Growth / Perry & POTUS Ignorant of Energy Balance for Methane

 

qlr3Good news = bad news in that the Natural Gas & Electric Sector facilities are not as vulnerable to storm damages than our petroleum, COASTAL facilities/refineries. However, fracking for NG to replace petroleum energy sources is bad news as the cradle-to-grave methane pollution in extracting natural gas releases methane speeding up global warming.

Secretary of Energy, Perry, and POTUS need to “get the memos” (and their heads out of Big Oil & Gas’s ass) albeit there was a move to erase any Climate Change wording off of scientist’s work on the heels of this new administration.

Perry & POTUS just need a basic understanding that methane absorbs the sun’s heat warming up OUR Earth’s atmosphere (aka Green House Gas).

Perry & POTUS would be further enlightened and strive to understand the concept of  what an ********“Energy Balance for Methane” is and take the lead in creating new jobs and a new economy in providing renewable energy choices.

Here are the memo’s they likely missed AND was unsuccessful in removing the CC words (hah hah):

2015 government study,  entitled…

Climate Change and Energy Infrastructure Exposure to Storm Surge and Sea-Level Rise

2014 assessment entitled….

“Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities”

2013 Testimony to the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee entitled,

“The Vulnerability of Energy Infrastructure to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Variability and Change”

2011 study entitled, “The surface energy balance of a polygonal tundra site in northern Siberia – Part 2: Winter”

But it is very possible Perry & POTUS are onboard with geoengineering technologies like… This 2016 video of John Brennan speaks of Strategic Aerial Injection (SAI) that seeds (sprays from airplanes) the stratosphere with particles that can help reflect the sun’s heat (similar to how volcanoes eruptions do this). SAI can offset/limit/reverse the warming effects of Climate Change from burning fossil fuel to give us (and our economy) more time to switch to renewables. He said it can be done affordably at about $10 billion yearly but does not take care of the acidification of the oceans…listen here… or on youtube, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qRJw3Gy3FQY.

 

********Below is information garnered from NOAA satellite imagery, http://www.ospo.noaa.gov/Products/atmosphere/soundings/iasi/

 

Posted in Dept Of Energy, Strategic Aerial Injection (SAI), Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Energy Transfer Partners Dallas Dance Protest

In Dallas on Friday, 9/8/17, there was a protest at Energy Transfer Partners (ETP) that grew tense after local police & security guards “tried to shut down an Indigenous drum ceremony. Activists later marched to the home of ETP CEO, Kelcy Warren, at a gated mansion.

 

Truthout coverage, http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/41891-as-hurricanes-intensify-so-does-resistance-to-big-oil-in-the-gulf, “For Foytlin, there is a direct correlation between leaders in Washington and problems faced by residents of the Gulf coast. The same pollution Houston faces in the wake of Harvey occurs when storms hit refineries and chemicals plants near New Orleans, Mobile and other cities along the Gulf Coast.
Foytlin lives in Rayne, Louisiana, and her house has flooded twice in the past year: once during a 1,000-year flood that devastated central Louisiana last summer, and again during heavy rains this spring.
“It’s a situation where our leaders are intentionally putting our lives in danger … especially the Trump administration,” Foytlin said.
Foytlin said it’s clear that climate disruption is causing unusually strong storms and heavy rains, and oil and gas development has damaged wetlands that soak up excess water and prevent flooding. That’s one reason why Foytlin has become a central figure in the fight to stop the Bayou Bridge Pipeline.
‘Who keeps building [oil] infrastructure on a coastline that keeps melting away and keeps being hit by storms?’ Foytlin said”.

HERE is the Facebook snapshots of Warrior Foytlin dancing, https://www.facebook.com/kim.t.feil/posts/10213986370996288?pnref=story

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Meth(ane) Arlington Addiction / Fannin & Swappo Drillzones violate 600 ft setback

My comment on this article reads: At the local city council level the meth hit home here too in Arlington Texas as a former councilman admitted to his meth addiction and resigned (albeit AFTER the town became an URBAN DRILLING nightmare in a densely populated 100 sq mile area). All the cheerleading he did (he even had his own website as a consultant to “council” other towns on how to get fracked)! All his YES to fracking votes and all of his influence upon other council persons to make us an industrialized town needs a re-do vote(s). But alas HB40 now says Texans cannot ban fracking so why are we allowing fracking agenda items if the frackers can sue us if they don’t like how our councilpersons voted?. Last Tuesday’s council meeting had TWO fracking agenda items on it…one passed unanimously and the other is continued until a neighborhood meeting is held. Gee all those lavish royalty checks (note sarcasm) wasn’t worth the risks of bad air,water, devalued homes, subsidence/frackquakes, & warming of the earth increasing these monster storms. Rant over…
https://www.yahoo.com/…/e7fb…/how-the-cocaine-and-meth.html…@

From: kim feil <kimfeil@sbcglobal.net>
To: Jeff Williams <jeff.williams@arlingtontx.gov>; Trey Yelverton <trey.yelverton@arlingtontx.gov>; Charlie Parker <charlie.parker@arlingtontx.gov>; Michael Glaspie <michael.glaspie@arlingtontx.gov>; Kathryn Wilemon <kathryn.wilemon@arlingtontx.gov>; Sheri Capehart <sheri.capehart@arlingtontx.gov>; Victoria Myers <victoria.farrar-myers@arlingtontx.gov>; Lana Wolff <lana.wolff@arlingtontx.gov>; Robert Shepard <robert.shepard@arlingtontx.gov>; John Dugan <john.dugan@arlingtontx.gov>; Jim Parajon <jim.parajon@arlingtontx.gov>
Cc: Marvin Sutton <mabranic@sbcglobal.net>; “roxanne.thalman@arlingtontx.gov” <roxanne.thalman@arlingtontx.gov>
Sent: Thursday, September 7, 2017 7:21 AM
Subject: Former Councilman LeBlanc comes to mind in this meth fracking article
Councilman LeBlanc was a stark cheerleader for fracking, he even had his own website to council other towns how to get fracked too. In reading this headline, I thought you should read this and think about how every vote that may have been made while he was high needs to be recalled and how every padsite in Arlington should undergo a new drilling zone/neighborhood meeting re-do vote. But alas UNDER HB40 YOUR POWER TO VOTE IN OR OUT DRILLING ZONES IS A MOOT POINT SINCE THEY CAN THREATEN TO SUE THE CITY so why you even bother allowing agenda items related to fracking? They say we have above-ground discernment/localrule, but in the end if it stops fracking anywhere and everywhere…they can sue us for hurting their economic engine and then what would we do without all those great (sarcasm) royalty checks?
Sincerely,
Kim Feil
——————————–
Here is my coverage on last Tuesday night’s (9/5/17) Arlington City Council meeting that had two fracking agenda items to approve the drillzones (to add 4 more wells to each padsite). Council also discussed these two items earlier in the day in executive session:
SWAPPO drill zone (SUP08-26R1 at 5408 US HWY 287), while it did NOT have any neighbourhood meeting, it DID have the required 70% waiver approval (from 600 ft setback) to allow it to be reduced down to 313 feet. These waivers usually go for about $500 a signature. It passed council unanimously.  Lovely what money can buy…when unsuspecting neighbors just outside of the 600 ft setback can be affected as well as all the other stakeholders breathing the Arlington airshed.
For the Fannin drill zone (SUP09-3R2 at 2322 Eden Rd by Pump it Up Cheer TX near the compressor station where they already had a 2.3 Benzene reading) in the staff report, the city asked the driller twice to hold a neighborhood meeting but they never did!  
There were two speakers in opposition of which one, Bradley Evans, spoke of how the operator was gerrymandering (shortening the drillzone) to reduce the number of waivers needed from 40 down to 26 (Gee that sounds like a tip from Chesapeake’s play book for the fracksite near ATT Stadium). He clarified that the noise folks were complaining about was during the workover performed on the existing 5 wells recently and how the noise complaints were also outside of the 600ft setback…imagine the nerve of Councilman Parker not caring about those just outside of 600 foot setback…#notSurprised.
Councilman Parker has always taken issue with people taking the money and then turning around (once they realize what they signed for) and objecting to being so close to such high impact industrialization.  
The rebuttal to the speakers, a representative from Saddle Operating, LLC (Limited Liability Corp) spoke of offering the http://smalleyfnd.org/overview/youths-and-school-programs to go into the schools and educate the kiddos on fracking…this after there was conversation of teens in a truck trespassing on the Fannin property. The other Saddle rep earlier mentioned how the last owner, Enervest owed the city $126K, but that THEY paid it…oh golly gee what good neighbors they will be!
We were informed of the subsurface “surprise” Saddle was saddled with to the the tune of $1.3 million spent to get the piping that was in pieces out of the ground and replaced after they acquired the property. In a way he did a disservice to the industry in showing how costly it is to spring for updating corrosive, failed equipment…of course he did not elaborate on any environmental impacts of the failed piping….
Oh and let me remind folks that the owner of these Arlington drill sites was first Carrizo, then Enervest, and now it is Saddle….saddled with debt?…saddled with repairs at other sites? This equipment is old now ….and since they are a limited liability company…oh gee, who pays for repairs they cannot afford to do down the road?
Now without the required 70% waiver approval setback, surprisingly council did NOT move to invoke the backup plan to slam this through (down to 346 feet from protected uses) with a supermajority vote. Instead they kicked the can down the road; Councilwoman Capehart moved to CONTINUE the hearing until they hold a neighborhood meeting. 
So council actions last Tuesday allowing the SWAPPO drill zone show they haven’t learned their lesson that with fracking comes the need to dispose of the waste waters…which brings me to my closing sarcastic question as to why did the City bother to spend taxpayer money to sue to stop a proposed injection well months ago near Lake Arlington when our Gas Drilling Ordinance allows disposal lines so damn close anyways……“2. Salt water disposal lines shall be prohibited within one hundred (100) feet of the flowage easement lands around Lake Arlington. Flowage easement lands are defined as those lands below the elevation contour of 560.0 feet above mean sea level. Salt water disposal lines shall also be prohibited under Lake Arlington”.  But we allowed over 150 fracking laterals under the lake…..
laterals-lake-arlington
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133 miles Separates Soda Springs Quake Swarms from Yellowstone

  1. 3.4

    13km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 14:42:17 (UTC)

  2. 3.4

    9km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 14:12:53 (UTC)

  3. 3.0

    5km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 13:06:47 (UTC)

  4. 4.2

    9km ENE of San Rafael del Yuma, Dominican Republic

    2017-09-03 11:52:46 (UTC)

  5. 2.8

    11km SE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 11:43:15 (UTC)

  6. 3.6

    13km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 11:23:22 (UTC)

  7. 2.9

    8km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 09:24:04 (UTC)

  8. 2.9

    53km WSW of Pole Ojea, Puerto Rico

    2017-09-03 09:06:25 (UTC)

  9. 2.6

    7km ENE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 08:50:47 (UTC)

  10. 2.9

    53km N of Loiza, Puerto Rico

    2017-09-03 08:32:02 (UTC)

  11. 2.7

    28km SW of Alberto Oviedo Mota, B.C., MX

    2017-09-03 08:24:33 (UTC)

  12. 3.2

    6km ENE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 08:24:17 (UTC)

  13. 3.5

    183km WNW of Bandon, Oregon

    2017-09-03 08:02:02 (UTC)

  14. 2.7

    6km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 07:15:06 (UTC)

  15. 2.9

    8km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 07:10:52 (UTC)

  16. 3.0

    9km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 07:00:07 (UTC)

  17. 3.9

    8km ENE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 06:44:52 (UTC)

  18. 2.7

    10km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 06:42:04 (UTC)

  19. 3.4

    37km SE of Pecos, Texas

    2017-09-03 06:27:39 (UTC)

  20. 3.1

    30km SSE of Pecos, Texas

    2017-09-03 06:24:37 (UTC)

  21. 3.8

    5km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 06:05:42 (UTC)

  22. 3.7

    12km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 06:04:37 (UTC)

  23. 2.9

    16km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 05:40:56 (UTC)

  24. 3.0

    6km WNW of The Geysers, California

    2017-09-03 05:33:18 (UTC)

  25. 2.8

    10km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 04:38:44 (UTC)

  26. 2.5

    10km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 04:36:40 (UTC)

  27. 3.4

    14km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 04:22:02 (UTC)

  28. 3.3

    13km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 04:17:21 (UTC)

  29. 2.9

    17km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 04:11:54 (UTC)

  30. 2.6

    10km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 04:04:16 (UTC)

  31. 2.6

    9km ENE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 03:30:04 (UTC)

  32. 2.9

    15km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 03:15:01 (UTC)

  33. 2.5

    14km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 02:47:51 (UTC)

  34. 4.2

    10km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 02:29:23 (UTC)

  35. 3.3

    10km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 02:16:04 (UTC)

  36. 3.3

    14km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 02:14:12 (UTC)

  37. 2.8

    9km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 02:11:37 (UTC)

  38. 2.7

    10km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 02:02:53 (UTC)

  39. 2.9

    11km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 01:54:29 (UTC)

  40. 2.8

    10km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 01:51:00 (UTC)

  41. 2.9

    17km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 01:38:13 (UTC)

  42. 2.8

    15km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 01:27:58 (UTC)

  43. 2.7

    11km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 01:21:22 (UTC)

  44. 3.1

    17km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 01:16:46 (UTC)

  45. 3.0

    12km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 01:10:37 (UTC)

  46. 3.7

    22km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 01:02:51 (UTC)

  47. 3.5

    14km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 01:01:59 (UTC)

  48. 3.0

    9km ENE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 00:45:54 (UTC)

  49. 3.2

    12km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 00:44:39 (UTC)

  50. 4.1

    11km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 00:39:48 (UTC)

  51. 3.1

    21km ESE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 00:38:14 (UTC)

  52. 3.5

    9km ENE of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 00:25:01 (UTC)

  53. 3.7

    6km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 00:17:13 (UTC)

  54. 3.2

    18km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 00:07:14 (UTC)

  55. 3.1

    11km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-03 00:05:29 (UTC)

  56. 5.3

    17km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-02 23:56:52 (UTC)

  57. 4.3

    15km E of Soda Springs, Idaho

    2017-09-02 23:55:30 (UTC)

  58. 4.3

    11km SW of Thomonde, Haiti

    2017-09-02 20:14:08 (UTC)

  59. 2.8

    38km NNW of Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands

    2017-09-02 20:10:11 (UTC)

  60. 3.0

    12km NE of Little Lake, CA

    2017-09-02 19:30:48 (UTC)

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Why is Renewable Growth NOT on AAPCA’s Greatest Story Ever Told?

UPDATE: Here is the response…

aaparesponse

Twitter link

That TCEQ allows this incomplete “EXTERNAL” report on it’s website,

https://www.tceq.texas.gov/assets/public/agency/external-reports/Air-Annual-Report-from-AAPCA-Greatest-Story-Every-Told-4-17-17.pdfhttps://www.eia.gov/opendata/qb.php?sdid=TOTAL.RETCBUS.A 

does not surprise me as I sense that the Oil & Gas interests dominates our state agency, TCEQ, to downplay the importance and growth of renewables….this is a perfect example starting on page TWO! #ignoreRestofReport?  #TakeGreatestSTORYeverToldLiterally!AAPCA q

Renewable energy consumption thru 2016

AACPA used EIA info in their “Greatest Story Ever Told” report but did NOT use THIS renewables chart, https://www.eia.gov/opendata/qb.php?sdid=TOTAL.RETCBUS.A

Renewable energy consumption thru 2016 1

AACPA used EIA info in their “Greatest Story Ever Told” report but did NOT use THIS renewables chart, https://www.eia.gov/opendata/qb.php?sdid=TOTAL.RETCBUS.A

Posted in renewables, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

201 N Cooper (current Arlington Police Dept.) was a lead smelter site…lovely!

Update on a response to this post: “Hi Kim, interesting post about the steel co that was just north of UTA. I was a student or employee at UTA most of the years between 1968-96. When I started seeing my current doctor in Vienna about five years ago, she ordered blood tests on me and asked why my selenium levels were so high. She said “We never see such levels in Europe.” I think you may have solved the mystery for me. Thanks. I had no idea”.
—end update response———-
I bet they dumped regularly and with gusto into the Arlington groundwater….
I bet present day-wise they’d get a pardon to forever cleanup of Brownfield contamination that we call an MSD (municipal setting designation). https://barnettshalehell.wordpress.com/?s=msd+arlington
Note the pictures below is the location of our present day police station at 201 N Cooper St in HISTORIC and PRESENT day I N D U S T R I A L I Z E D inner city frackland Arlington gasland Texas. I don’t sound too remorseful do I?
—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <kimfeil@sbcglobal.net>
To: xxx
Sent: Tuesday, August 29, 2017 1:18 PM
Subject: Not ammunition plants this time but iron works plant(s) historic to Arlington
Thanks for your research to investigate historic ammunition depots (I was concerned about) that could be persistent in our watersheds in Arlington. Somewhat related is the iron works company in the 1940’s see attachments or this link…

Also I am trying to find info on the 1920’s “Arlington Iron Works” which could be the same entity as mentioned here on this link, http://forum.worldoftanks.com/index.php?/topic/379204-ammunition-of-historical-tank-guns/ or see here….

Inline image

link here and use control F with the word “Arlington”, http://forum.worldoftanks.com/index.php?/topic/379204-ammunition-of-historical-tank-guns/

—end email—- begin Feil rant….

Luckily those smokestacks were small and so limited the acid rain fallout.

Fast forward to the smokestacks with invisible BTEX fall out that was on the UTA campus, https://barnettshalehell.wordpress.com/2014/06/06/arlinton-had-a-secret-dfw-midstream-compressor-station-on-uta-campus/
I’d be so unamerican to say GM needs to be relocated to a NOT so densely populated region….I am of course NOT being censored on my blog page and air my wish so frankly as a job hating person?…. the least GM of Arlington could do is feature electric cars being manufactured here…but NOOOO they do big ol’ SUV’s! With our history being so industrialized…why the frack did we ever allow fracking TOO in our neighborhoods? When will we learn that clean air & water cannot be sold to the highest bidder or mineral owner?
Posted in historic, industrialized, lead, Uncategorized, water pollution | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Oklahoma has most polluted drinking water counties – the fracking connection

Oklahoma’s eight counties represented over one third of the 23 counties with over 50 EPA drinking water violations studied from the last 36 years (starting in late 1980 ending through July 3 in 2017) per the US 24/7 Wall St. report. http://247wallst.com/special-report/2017/08/29/counties-with-the-most-contaminated-water/2/.

Of note there were three Texas counties in the top 23:

Andrews-top fourth (flouride, arsenic),

Midland-top tenth (fluoride, arsenic, selenium, among others), &

Wilbarger-top sixteenth (nitrates).

While arsenic is naturally occurring, it can be associated with O&G extraction….

arsenic uta clear

UTA Clear study results as posted in the Oil & Gas Monitor

and Arsenic can also be activated by water draw down, & ground shaking (aka the fracking connection)….

arsenic uta clear 1

UTA Clear as posted in the Oil & Gas Monitor, http://www.oilgasmonitor.com/elevated-heavy-metals-near-natural-gas-extraction-sites-barnett-shale/5899/

 

It is no wonder that…577 cases of TX groundwater contamination in 2016 were Oil & Gas related,

https://barnettshalehell.wordpress.com/2017/07/24/577-cases-of-tx-groundwater-contamination-in-2016-were-oil-gas-related/

Here is the abbreviated cut & paste of items of interest I selected from the 24/7 Wall St listings of

23 Counties With the Most Contaminated Water

…..(and YES many were TTHM total trihalomethanes – disinfection/chlorine poisoning that I have been warning about Arlington TX’s drinking water). Note I left off notes about poverty levels that strongly suggest the poor suffer the worst effects of exposures to water and air pollution.

http://247wallst.com/special-report/2017/08/29/counties-with-the-most-contaminated-water/

23. Dona Ana County, New Mexico – Most recent violation: November 20, 2008 “…all 52 of its water quality violations of the last four decades in the period between August 2005 and November 2008. Nearly all of the violations were due to levels of uranium…One source of the contaminant may be the NASA White Sands Test Facility, where uranium was historically used in missile tests. Uranium also occurs naturally in many parts of Dona Ana County”.

22. Grady County, Oklahoma – Most recent violation: March 24, 2017 “Over the past three years, the EPA issued 47 water quality violations…The violations were mostly due to excessive levels of TTHM — dibromochloromethane, bromoform, chloroform, and bromodichloromethane — in the water. As a result, Chickasha switched the disinfectant it uses for purifying the water supply from chlorine to chloramines, which are less likely to produce TTHMs. At high concentrations, TTHM can increase the risk of cancer and cause damage to the heart, lungs, kidney, liver, and central nervous system”.

21. Rio Arriba County, New Mexico – Most recent violation: March 24, 2017 “…40 violations …due to excessive levels of various radioactive elements between 2009 and 2011. In addition to several naturally occurring radioactive deposits….the area was the site of Project Gasbuggy, an underground nuclear detonation carried out by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission in December 1967. … has also been issued violations for arsenic, which is also naturally occurring and can lead to an increased risk of cancer and skin disease with long-term exposure”.

20. Custer County, Oklahoma –  Most recent violation: August 27, 2012 “Of the 53 contamination violations issued to the Weatherford water system, 43 were due to excessive levels of arsenic… arsenic is a naturally occurring element, it is also possible that Oklahoma’s historical smelters may have contributed to the prevalence of arsenic in the soil…” NOTE also similar contamination problems in Custer, Cleveland, & Canadian counties in Oklahoma.

19. San Juan, Puerto Rico –  Most recent violation: June 1, 2017 “…16 consecutive violations of excessive coliform from 2000 to 2011. Including coliform…18 violations for total trihalomethanes and 13 violations for total haloacetic acids — byproducts of the water disinfection process. There are five haloacetic acids that can cause damage to the nervous system and liver if consumed in excess. Total trihalomethanes are similar to haloacetic acids, and can increase the risk of cancer and certain birth defects with long-term exposure”.

18. Bergen County, New Jersey – Most recent violation: February 23, 2011 “…56 water quality violations since 2002 — 45 of which were for excessive levels of arsenic. While arsenic is a naturally occurring element found in rocks that erode over time and enter the soil and water, consuming too much of it can put people at risk for diseases such as skin, lung, bladder, and kidney cancer”.

17. San Bernardino County, California – Most recent violation: August 17, 2016 “…60 water quality violations …over the past decade…. EPA discovered in 1980 that the toxic solvents the Army used to clean weapons and trucks during World War II at the now defunct Camp Ono have since led to the contamination of more than 25% of the City of San Bernardino’s water supply”.

16. Wilbarger County, Texas – Most recent violation: December 18, 2014 “Since 1982,… 60 violations due to excessive levels of nitrates …can cause methemoglobinemia, a condition that results in decreased oxygen carrying capacity of haemoglobin in babies, and can lead to death…. continues take in dangerous levels of nitrates through both fertilizer runoff and naturally occurring sources”.

15. Carter County, Oklahoma – Most recent violation: May 19, 2017 “…61 water quality violations since 1996…total trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids, which are byproducts of the drinking water disinfection process…also issued several violations for the presence of coliform bacteria, including E. coli.” 

14. Rogers County, Oklahoma – Most recent violation: May 19, 2017 “…65 water quality violations since 1989…more than nearly any other U.S. municipal water system. In the past several years, all of the violations the district received have been for high levels of trihalomethanes…”

13. Pittsburg County, Oklahoma – Most recent violation: May 18, 2016  “…66 water quality violations over the past three decades, among the most of any public water system in the United States. Most of the violations were for concentrations of total trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids…”

12. Juncos Municipio, Puerto Rico – Most recent violation: February 28, 2017 “The Gurabo River is the dumping site for at least one major industrial corporation, Amgen Manufacturing Limited, which is permitted to discharge small amounts of contaminants such as coliform, lead, and selenium at a wastewater treatment plant along the river. Since the subsidiary of biotech giant Amgen was founded in Juncos in 1991, the Ceiba Sur water system received 50 violations for coliform bacteria”.

11. Santa Clara County, California – Most recent violation: January 6, 1994 “While the City of Morgan Hill water system has not received a water quality violation since 1994, many private wells in the Santa Clara Valley still have dangerous levels of nitrate…the water district provides rebates to private well users who purchase nitrate treatment systems”.

10. Midland County, Texas – Most recent violation: January 4, 2017 “Since 2009,…70 water quality violations for excess levels of fluoride, arsenic, selenium, and other contaminants. The district received 13 violations for arsenic, a carcinogen that can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain in the short term and increase the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and neurological problems in the long term. One factor contributing to pollution in the area may have been a chemical leak from the oilfield services company Baker Hughes in the region in the 1990s that is still in the process of being remediated”.

9. Gurabo Municipio, Puerto Rico – Most recent violation: June 1, 2017 “…one of two municipalities along the Gurabo River where the public water system was cited for more than 65 violations since 1991. The Gurabo Urbano water system received 54 violations for high levels of coliform from 1991 to 2005. Consumption of coliform may cause gastrointestinal illnesses, fever, and flu-like symptoms”.

8. Jackson County, Oklahoma – Most recent violation: March 24, 2017 “…84 water quality violations since 1987, mostly for high levels of trihalomethanes…One main site of contamination in the district is the Altus Air Force Base, which tested positive for high levels of trihalomethanes in early 2015. …Altus completed a new facility in April 2016 and has not received a violation since March 2017”.

7. Okmulgee County, Oklahoma – Most recent violation: June 30, 2017 “… most of the violations issued to the Okmulgee water system can be traced back to the water system itself. Of the 89 water quality violations the EPA issued to Okmulgee since 1991, 87 were for total trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids…”

6. Kings County, California – Most recent violation: February 16, 2015 “In addition to the 109 water quality violations the City of Hanford water district has received for arsenic and coliform over the last four decades, Hanford has some of the worst air pollution of any U.S. city”.

5. St. Francois County, Missouri – Most recent violation: February 29, 2016 “…whopping 118 violations to the Farmington water system, 98 of which were for various kinds of radionuclides. Radionuclides occur naturally in soil as a result of radioactive decay… may be traces of the alpha variety in St. Francois County’s water supply”.

4. Andrews County, Texas – Most recent violation: January 4, 2017 “…132 water violations from the EPA since 1982, the fourth most of any municipal water system. All of these violations are for having excess fluoride and arsenic in the water supply, except for one incident of excess coliform in 1991”.

3. Stephens County, Oklahoma – Most recent violation: May 19, 2017 “Stephens County is one of many rural areas in the United States where a large oilfield service provider has left a legacy of pollution and contamination. The Halliburton Company, which the government contracted to clean rocket fuel from 1965 to 1991, admitted in 1988 that ammonium perchlorate seeped into the area’s groundwater. While Halliburton helped connect the affected homes to the Duncan municipal water supply, the Duncan Public Utilities Authority also has issues with contamination, having received 144 water quality violations since 1984. The most common violation is for high levels of trihalomethanes,…”

2. Waukesha County, Wisconsin – Most recent violation: May 18, 2017 “…183 water quality violations in the past four decades, the second most of any public water system in the United States and its territories. The violations were all for excessive levels of various radionuclides such as radium and alpha emitters. Waukesha County is located within Wisconsin’s “radium belt,” a series of communities in the eastern part of the state where groundwater radium levels are as much as triple the EPA’s limit of 5 pCi/L. Radium, which occurs naturally in bedrock throughout the region, has continued to seep into public water systems as they drill deeper to meet growing water demands….Waukesha has recently placed a bid to start sourcing its water from nearby Lake Michigan”.

1. Cumberland County, North Carolina – Most recent violation: May 18, 2009 “…high levels of radium are present along the state’s fall line, the geological contact between the hard, erosion-resistant rocks of the Piedmont region and the sedimentary rock of the Coastal Plain… issued 214 violations from the EPA for excessive radium in the water supply between 2006 and 2009…Brookwood has not been issued a water quality violation since May 2009”.

——–end 24/7Wall St report——–

 

Besides Arsenic being natural but disturbed by man, there are the manmade toxins made during disinfecting source water. I focus on Trihalomethanes that form in the presence of chlorine.

Contrast for example how Total Trihalomethanes that 24/7Wall St identified that violated the MINIMUM “enforceable” EPA Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) of 80 ppb with the VAST VIOLATORS identified by The Environmental Working Group (EWG) using the LOWER threshold health guideline of 0.8 ppb as defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a draft public health goal. This is the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Here is the link to Arlington TX Gasland’s (EWG’s) TTHM “fail” report, https://www.ewg.org/tapwater/system-contaminant.php?pws=TX2200001&contamcode=2950#

Trihalomethanes aren’t found in drilling wastewater, but there can be a link. The waste stream often contains bromide, a salt, which reacts with chlorine disinfectants used by drinking water systems to kill microbes. That interaction creates trihalomethanes.

And then there are those MICROBES resistant to chlorine. Microbes are a feared staple of the Oil & Gas industry as they try to control mother nature’s proliferation when man interferes with the earth’s natural balance in grabbing her hydrocarbons.

 

 

 

Posted in tthm, Uncategorized, water contamination | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Hurricane Harvey Refinery Upset Pics- Benzene Pollution Info

“…gasoline spilled near the Houston Ship Channel after two storage tanks owned by an Oklahoma pipeline company sustained damage from Hurricane Harvey.

The spill, totaling more than 460,000 gallons, is the largest reported since Harvey swamped the Houston…”

http://www.pennenergy.com/articles/pennenergy/2017/09/oil-and-gas-tank-failures-in-harvey-reveal-vulnerabilities-in-storm.html?cmpid=enl_pennenergy_pennenergy_daily_petroleum_2017-09-12&email_address=kimfeil@sbcglobal.net&eid=288262587&bid=1862438

Companies have reported that roughly two dozen storage tanks holding crude oil, gasoline and other fuels collapsed or otherwise failed during Harvey, spilling a combined 140,000 gallons of fuel, according to an Associated Press analysis of state and federal accident databases. Federal rules require companies to be prepared for spills, but don’t require them to take any specific measures to secure the massive fuel storage tanks at refineries and oil production sites that are prone to float and break during floods. (Tom Fox/The Dallas Morning News via AP, file)

Here are some PennEnergy cut & paste items I found of interest abbreviated for ease of reading….”More than two dozen storage tanks holding crude oil, gasoline and other contaminants ruptured or otherwise failed … spilling at least 145,000 gallons (548,868 liters) of fuel and spewing toxic pollutants into the air,…

…tank failures follow years of warnings that the Houston area’s petrochemical industry was ill-prepared for a major storm, with about one-third of the 4,500 storage tanks along the Houston Ship Channel… susceptible to flooding…

…The tanks are prone to float and break during floods, and Harvey’s unprecedented rainfalls revealed a new vulnerability when the roofs of some storage tanks sank under the weight of so much water.

Federal and state rules require companies to be prepared for spills, but mandate no specific measures to secure storage tanks at refineries, chemical plants and oil production sites.

“Tampa Bay is one of the most vulnerable cities in the country” to hurricanes, said John Pardue, a Louisiana State University professor who has researched problems with storage tanks during storms.

“But there’s no requirement that says when you’re in a hurricane zone you’ve got to do things differently,” Pardue added. ….(RE:Hurricane Katrina that had)…ruptured storage tanks released several millions of gallons of oil including into residential areas…

One difference during Harvey was that prior to the storm, some refineries apparently were able to fill up their storage tanks to make them less buoyant …That wasn’t the case with about a dozen smaller storage tanks that experienced spills in Fayette County …

…problems among almost 400 large storage tanks in the Houston area that have “floating roofs” that go up or down depending on how much fuel is inside the containers. …Harvey caused 14 of those roofs to sink, in some instances allowing the chemicals inside them to escape…

There are no government rules dictating how tanks are designed….

At least two of the floating roof failures occurred in gasoline storage tanks at Shell Oil’s Deer Park refinery and another occurred at Exxon Mobil’s Baytown refinery.

Pollution reports submitted by the companies to Texas regulators blamed the roof problems on Harvey’s excess rainfall. The reports said air pollutants including benzene, toluene and xylene were released into the atmosphere……Shell representative said …roof problems presented an “extremely rare” circumstance and …quickly responded by spraying the spilled fuel with foam to suppress any harmful vapors. 

Exxon Mobil ….was able to lessen environmental damage from Harvey by shutting down equipment in advance. ….it’s uncertain how much spilled material flowed off-site from the storage yards, oil production areas and refineries.

(MAJOR TAKE AWAY YA’LL)Texas has rules governing protections for underground storage tanks during floods, but not for above-ground tanks…”

 

Skytruth/report a spill link here, https://skytruth.ushahidi.io/views/map

Here is a sample of the notification after it is reported, notice it has a hover function to see “REPORTED” spills/releases, check this one out here at link…

#Formosa released 1,328,850 lbs. of toxic emissions from startup after #Harvey

————————

Benzene plume was detected in air over Houston after 4 fossil fuel companies reported leaks http://www.ibtimes.com/political-capital/oil-companies-leaking-benzene-lobbied-against-pollution-rules-2586575 
9/7/2017 update:

tweeta: “Whoa. 324 ppb of benzene in Houston area is terrible. Texas uses 25 ppb for 1-hr exposure as a screening level”

 

9/5/17 update: https://twitter.com/emorwee/status/905162716423352320

Wow. Absolutely insane photos of flooding at America’s largest refinery, the Motiva facility in Port Arthur. Clear oil sheens in the water.

harvey refinery oil slicks

 

TCEQ update:

“Status of systems in areas affected by Harvey

WASHINGTON – Working together, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) continue to coordinate with local, state and federal officials to address the human health and environmental impacts of Hurricane Harvey and its aftermath, especially the water systems in the affected areas. TCEQ has 500 people and EPA 145 people assisting the response to this natural disaster. As of Sunday, Sept. 3, the following information is available:

Drinking Water: To date, about 2,000 drinking water systems potentially affected by Harvey have been contacted. Of those: 1,757 systems are fully operational, 188 have boil-water notices, and 37 are shut down. Both EPA and the TCEQ are contacting remaining systems to gather updated information of their status. EPA and the TCEQ are working closely with the Texas National Guard, including the 6th Civil Support Team (supporting TCEQ in Corpus Christi), Arkansas National Guard, 61st Civil Support Team (supporting TCEQ in Houston), and the Texas State Guard Engineering Group, and other local and state agencies to continuously monitor water systems. Assistance teams are in the field working directly with system operators to expedite getting systems back to operational status.

Waste Water and Sewage: Currently, 794 of approximately 1,219 wastewater treatment plants are fully operational in the affected counties. The agencies are aware that releases of wastewater from sanitary sewers are occurring, due to the historic flooding and are actively working to monitor facilities that have reported spills, conduct outreach and provide technical guidance to all other wastewater facilities in flood-impacted areas. EPA and TCEQ are working closely with the Texas National Guard, including the 6th Civil Support Team (supporting TCEQ in Corpus Christi), Arkansas National Guard, 61st Civil Support Team (supporting TCEQ in Houston), and the Texas State Guard Engineering Group, and other local and state agencies to continuously monitor wastewater systems. Assistance teams will be deployed to work directly with system operators to expedite getting systems back to operational status.

Residential Wells: EPA is developing a plan for sampling residential wells and is coordinating with the TCEQ to establish several locations where residents can bring water samples from their wells to be tested. If a private well is flooded, the water should not be used from the well until the following three things have occurred:

1.    Flood waters have receded from the well and the plumbing system; 
2.    The well has been disinfected as well as the plumbing;
3.    and the well has been sampled and laboratory analysis report has confirmed that the disinfected water contains no bacteriological contaminants.

Guidance for private well owners can be found at: www.tceq.texas.gov/response/hurricanes.

Flood Water: Water quality sampling will be focused on industrial facilities and hazardous waste sites. Floodwaters contain many hazards, including bacteria and other contaminants. Precautions should be taken by anyone involved in cleanup activities or any others who may be exposed to flood waters. These precautions include heeding all warnings from local and state authorities regarding safety advisories. In addition to the drowning hazards of wading, swimming, or driving in swift floodwaters, these waters can carry large objects that are not always readily visible that can cause injuries to those in the water. Other potential hazards include downed power lines and possible injuries inflicted by animals displaced by the floodwaters.

Critical Water Infrastructure: The agencies are continuing to work closely with dams. The larger dams are full in many cases and may be releasing water; the structures are secure at this time. There are 340 high- and significant-hazard dams in the impacted areas, and TCEQ has been able to make contact with 200 of these dam owners. Of these 200, only five dams have been damaged or have failed. We have also been notified that three low-hazard dams have damage. TCEQ is continuing to contact dams to get status updates.

Additional EPA/TCEQ updates include:

• Superfund Sites: EPA and TCEQ continue to get updates about the status of specific sites from the parties responsible for ongoing cleanup of the sites. The most recent information can be found at www.tceq.texas.gov/news/releases/status-of-superfund-sites-affected-by-harvey

• Air Quality Monitoring: One of the many preparations for Hurricane Harvey included EPA, TCEQ, and other monitoring entities temporarily shutting down several air monitoring stations from the greater Houston, Corpus Christi, and Beaumont areas. Since then, state and local authorities have been working to get the systems up and running again. As of Saturday, Sept. 2, more than 88 percent of monitors are up and working again in Corpus Christi, 85 percent in Houston, and 36 percent in Beaumont. The network is expected to be fully operational again by next week. Of the available air monitoring data collected from Aug. 24-Sept. 2, all measured concentrations were well below levels of health concern. Monitors are showing that air quality at this time is not concerning, and residents should not be concerned about air quality issues related to the effects of the storm. 

• Fires at Arkema Facility in Crosby: EPA and TCEQ are coordinating closely with Harris County officials, along with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and other local public safety officials. As a result of initial chemical fires while the facility was flooded, EPA has collected downstream surface water runoff samples at four locations outside the evacuation zone near residential areas. EPA and TCEQ will maintain a 24-hour watch and maintain a 24-hour presence at the incident command operations center near this facility to support local emergency personnel on the ground. The 1.5-mile radius evacuation zone remains in effect until local emergency response authorities announce it is safe.

• Refineries/Fuel Waivers: In addition to gasoline waivers for 38 states and D.C. and diesel waivers for Texas, EPA signed three No Action Assurance letters on Sept. 1 to help address fuel shortages. NAA will help expedite the distribution of existing gasoline supplies to both Texas and Louisiana, while the refineries work to re-start and resume normal operations. The waivers and NAA letters are effective until Sept. 15 and should allow for the distribution in Texas of 10 million or more gallons of fuel to consumers. 

For additional information from TCEQ, please visit http://www.tceq.texas.gov/response/hurricanes”.

9/3/17 UPDATE EPA on the defense http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/349068-epa-defends-action-on-flooded-superfund-sites-in-houston

9/2/17 update with more info here that I cut and pasted items of interest and boldfaced…

https://www.washingtonpost.com/amphtml/national/energy-environment/ap-exclusive-toxic-waste-sites-flooded-epa-not-on-scene/2017/09/02/91202494-9003-11e7-9c53-6a169beb0953_story.html

“…he worried whether Harvey’s floodwaters had also washed in pollution from the old acid pit just a couple blocks away”.

“…the Houston metro area has more than a dozen such Superfund sites, designated by the Environmental Protection Agency as being among America’s most intensely contaminated places. Many are now flooded, with the risk that waters were stirring dangerous sediment”.

“After the water receded on Friday, a sinkhole the size of a swimming pool had opened up and swallowed two cars. The acrid smell of creosote filled the air”.

“At the Brio Refining Inc. Superfund site in Friendswood, southeast of downtown Houston, the water had receded by Saturday. There was a layer of silt on the road along with large muddy pools. A drainage ditch leading out of the fenced site was full and flowing into a nearby waterway”.

“…the San Jacinto River Waste Pits Superfund site was completely covered with floodwaters when an AP reporter saw it Thursday”.

“…warned for years about the potential for flooding to inundate Texas Superfund sites, particularly the San Jacinto Waste Pits. ‘If floodwaters have spread the chemicals in the waste pits, then dangerous chemicals like dioxin could be spread around the wider Houston area,'”

http://grist.org/article/harvey-stirs-up-a-toxic-industrial-soup/

“When Harvey forced many of these power plants and refineries to shut down, huge quantities of toxic chemicals — as much as 2 million pounds of them — were released into the air all at once. Nearby residents reported “unbearable” smells, and some were even told to “shelter in place” as authorities weighed the necessity of evacuation amid rising floodwaters”.

“… 495 of those fall within the greater Houston metropolitan area, responsible for a cumulative 1.5 billion pounds of toxic waste a year.”

“…but as the storm overwhelmed infrastructure and flooded these sites, those concentrated pools of toxins were likely mixed into the floodwaters.

“There’s no need to test it,” one Houston Health department official told the New York Times. “It’s contaminated. There’s millions of contaminants.”

There’s a lot we don’t know about the chemicals released during the storm — air monitors were turned off, and water sampling is only just beginning.”

“Along with creosote, lead, arsenic, and heavy metals may be stirred up from Houston’s old industrial sites. After Hurricane Katrina, elevated lead levels were found in New Orleans’ soil,…”

“The EPA classifies benzene as a PBT, a “persistent bioaccumulative toxin.” That means it sticks around in the environment for a long time, builds up in the food chain, and, yes, is toxic. Benzene exposure is linked to cancer in humans. A natural ingredient of crude oil,…”

“At an ExxonMobil refinery in Beaumont, Texas, storm damage led to the release of more than 1,300 pounds of sulfur dioxide. Another plant in Corpus Christi reported a release of 15,000 pounds“.

“Other gases in these plumes can include carbon monoxide, butane, propane, ethylene, particulate matter, and a nasty carcinogen called 1,3-butadiene.

“…Arkema’s malfunctioning chemical plant in the town of Crosby …organic peroxides, used in plastic manufacturing,…In the company’s worst-case scenario, an explosion could release 66,260 pounds of sulfur dioxide,…”

“An oil spill may seem tame compared to carcinogenic benzene or mutagenic creosote, but oil in its various forms can cause skin irritation, lung inflammation, and a whole slew of other problems up to, and including, death. At least two ExxonMobil refineries were damaged during the storm,…”

“Dioxin is the chemical responsible for the deaths and deformities stemming from the United States’ application of Agent Orange during the Vietnam War. An extraordinarily small dose — the size of the period on your screen, say — can trigger a fatal reaction in humans.

In the 1960’s, when Houston was home to many paper mills, one major byproduct was dioxin. Much of the mills’ dioxin waste ended up in pits along the San Jacinto River. Now a Superfund site, the San Jacinto pits flood periodically, dosing the groundwater and the seafood-rich Gulf with deadly poison. During Harvey, the site was said to be underwater again. That means floodwaters could carry dioxin-contaminated sediment into parts of the city that have never been contaminated before, putting people at huge risk of exposure“.

http://www.skytruth.org/2017/09/satellite-images-begin-to-show-hurricane-harveys-environmental-impact/

EPA Scott Pruitt permission-to-pollute letter here, https://www.tceq.texas.gov/assets/public/response/hurricanes/hurricane-harvey-fuel-waiver-request.pdf.  WOW

https://seekingalpha.com/news/3292469-storm-damage-exxon-refineries-caused-release-hazardous-pollutants?app=1&uprof=22#email_link  no doubt.

Update  https://newrepublic.com/minutes/144487/unbearable-petrochemical-smells-reportedly-drifting-houston

BREAKING UPDATE flaring in Houston happening now on the heels of #HurricaneHarvey

Headaches experienced on this one by a school…..

 

Thank you Bryan Parras for your above coverage and exposures getting this footage after Hurricane Harvey rolled through the Houston area.

During Hurricane Katrina there were 44 oil spills (that were reported) see link, http://www.nbcnews.com/id/9365607/ns/us_news-katrina_the_long_road_back/t/oil-spills-found-southeast-louisiana/#.WaG9MCiGPIU.

For Hurricane Harvey, after viewing a video of damage in Rockport TX, I snapped a Google Earth pic of a pumpjack and four storage tanks in Rockport  just over 700 feet from a water body that connects to the gulf…..

rockport stporage tanks

So thanks to a friend in the water quality research business, I was given these links when I inquired about my worries on the fossil fuel related potential spills during flooding events….

https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/wake.pdf – NRDC report with some statistics on underground tank failures in New Orleans.

https://www.epa.gov/ust/petroleum-brownfields – EPA Brownfields site about underground storage tanks, and EPA’s OUST office, which may be a good contact for more info.

https://www.epa.gov/ust – link to EPA’s UST site, with info on regs and new developments. Might be the best place to start on your inquiry about groundwater.

 https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2014-03/documents/ustfloodguide.pdf- 2010 publication that provides some direction on flood risk and  groundwater contamination, as well as GW contamination systems that some modern USTs may already be equipped with. Probably a pretty informative read.

 ————–

So if worrying about the spills worries you more with historical spill data…don’t worry cause there is nothing you can do about this except push for more renewable energy sources.

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