Bromide in Drilling Mud Spills as suspect, Bromate shows up on Water Quality Reports

July 2017 update….EWG has come out with their report on whats in your water! I was on target to be questioning when and why BROMATE started showing up after we started urban drilling…but so much to learn on this and I am still trying to see if all those water treatment plant upgrades we are doing will fix this. Bottom line is we OVER disinfect our water!!!!! Sure its clean and tasty but tell your bladder cancer risk to go lie down? A company called Carollo designed  the City Arlington’s pre- and intermediate ozonation facilities which incorporated the use of Carollo’s computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling to optimize ozone contactor design.

city of arlington water ozone info 1city of arlington water ozone info 2city of arlington water ozone info 3


—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: Buzz Pishkur <>
Cc: Trey Yelverton <>; Jeff Williams <>; Robert Rivera <>; Charlie Parker <>; Michael Glaspie <>; Kathryn Wilemon <>; Sheri Capehart <>; Victoria Myers <>; Lana Wolff <>; Robert Shepard <>; John Dugan <>; Jim Parajon <>; Cynthia Simmons <>
Sent: Thursday, July 27, 2017 3:31 PM
Subject: Arlington water comtaminent detects < state & national aves BUT Bromate > state & national ave
Congratulations! Arlington tested for but not detected from 2010 to 2015:
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane1,1,1-Trichloroethane1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane1,1,2-Trichloroethane1,1-Dichloroethane1,1-Dichloroethylene1,1-Dichloropropene1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene1,2,3-Trichloropropane1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)1,2-Dichloroethane1,2-Dichloropropane1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene1,3-Butadiene1,3-Dichloropropane1,4-Dioxane17-beta-Estradiol2,2-Dichloropropane2,4,5-T2,4,5-TP (Silvex)2,4-D2,4-DB2-Hexanone3,5-Dichlorobenzoic acid3-Hydroxycarbofuran4-Androstene-3,17-dioneAcetoneAcifluorfen (Blazer)AcrylonitrileAlachlor (Lasso)AldicarbAldicarb sulfoneAldicarb sulfoxideAldrinalpha-ChlordaneAsbestosBaygon (Propoxur)Bentazon (Basagran)BenzeneBenzo[a]pyreneBerylliumBromacilBromobenzeneBromomethaneButachlorCadmiumCarbarylCarbofuranCarbon tetrachlorideChlorambenChlorateChlordaneChloroethaneChloromethanecis-1,2-Dichloroethylenecis-1,3-DichloropropeneCobaltCombined uraniumDalaponDi(2-ethylhexyl) adipateDibromomethaneDicambaDichlorodifluoromethaneDichloromethane (methylene chloride)DichlorpropDieldrinDiiodomethaneDinosebEndrinEquilinEstriolEstroneEthinyl estradiolEthyl methacrylateEthylbenzeneEthylene dibromidegamma-ChlordaneHeptachlorHeptachlor epoxideHexachlorobenzene (HCB)HexachlorobutadieneHexachlorocyclopentadieneIodomethaneIsopropylbenzeneLindanem- & p-Xylenem-Dichlorobenzenem-XyleneMercury (inorganic)MethiocarbMethomylMethoxychlorMethyl ethyl ketoneMethyl isobutyl ketoneMethyl methacrylateMetolachlorMetribuzinMonochlorobenzene (chlorobenzene)MTBEn-Butylbenzenen-PropylbenzeneNaphthaleneNitriteo-Chlorotolueneo-Dichlorobenzeneo-XyleneOxamyl (Vydate)p-Chlorotoluenep-Dichlorobenzenep-IsopropyltoluenePentachlorophenolPerfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS)Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHPA)Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHXS)Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA)Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)PicloramPolychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)PropachlorRadium-228sec-ButylbenzeneStyrenetert-ButylbenzeneTestosteroneTetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)TetrahydrofuranTolueneToxaphenetrans-1,2-Dichloroethylenetrans-1,2-Dichloropropenetrans-1,3-Dichloropropenetrans-NonachlorTrichloroethyleneTrichlorofluoromethaneVinyl acetateVinyl chlorideXylenes (total)
As for Bromate, I blogged in 2013 posting my questions and Mr. Pishkur responses. Still unknown is going forward if the new investments being made will address Bromate elevated detects.
Since our first detects started in 2007 (and then again in 2011-current), is that when we went live with Carollo who designed our pre- and intermediate ozonation facilities at both our water treatment plants? This project incorporated the use of their computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling to optimize ozone contactor design.
I question why Ft Worth (.167 ppb ave) does not have the same Bromide issue as Arlington does (1.01 ppb ave)  if TWDB is bringing us elevated bromide in our source waters that are reacting with ozonation and forming Bromate?
We are worse than Ft Worth also in TTHM’s over a five year average (12 ppb vs 15 ppb)…why are having to over disinfect our water so much if TWDB also supplys Ft Worth?
Thanks for any feedback on this matter.

May 2016 update….Drilling towns should be extra cautious of Bromide2Bromate. Bromide is in drilling mud and they do like to mudfarm that stuff in texas (without radionuclide testing). Bromate can be reduced at the water treatment plants via changing the method of ozone dissolution (Venturi sideways treatment)….heres hoping the City of Arlington is investing in the Venturi system?….guess not…it wasn’t addressed in our water director’s response….

—– Forwarded Message —–
From: Buzz Pishkur <>
To: ‘kim feil’ <>
Sent: Thursday, May 12, 2016 3:02 PM
Subject: RE: Bromate Q/ USGS on wastewater contam

Kim: The facts related to this are as follows:

1-     Bromate is a disinfection by-product associated with ozonation

2-     Bromate is formed when Bromide reacts with ozone

3-     Bromide is naturally occurring is source waters across the U.S.

4-     Bromate was first regulated in 2002 but only for systems that ozonated.  Arlington was one and has been monitoring it since that time

5-     The City first reported the results in 2007 , then again in 2011 and has done so consistently since then

6-     We form Bromate from time to time at both of our treatment facilities because it is naturally occurring in the water both from Lake Arlington and the pipeline from TRWD which gets its water from reservoirs, in East Texas many miles from Arlington,  which are not adjacent to heavily fracked areas.

7-     If we experienced inordinate concentrations we would have to address it because of regulatory compliance.

I hope this info helps you understand this issue.

—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: Buzz Pishkur <>
Sent: Tuesday, May 10, 2016 2:24 PM
Subject: Re: Bromate Q/ USGS on wastewater contam
Mr Pishkur aside from the new USGS publication on more fracking related water contamination risk, I forgot to ask if we will be using the Venturi sidestream ozone dissolution method in that Water World attached publication?  The drillers like to use bromide in drilling mud and bromate started showing up in our water quality reports in correlation with the drilling boom in 2007-went away (or averaged away?) and showed back up in 2011… I am hoping the investments we are making can include side stream processes?


From: kim feil <>
To: Buzz Pishkur <>
Sent: Tuesday, May 10, 2016 2:04 PM
Subject: USGS on wastewater contam


—– Forwarded Message —–
From: WaterWorld <>
Sent: Tuesday, May 10, 2016 9:30 AM
Subject: Your May Issue is Now Available
END 2016 update

—– Forwarded Message —–

From: kim feil <>
To: “” <>
Sent: Saturday, December 6, 2014 11:45 AM
Subject: Halides, Arsenic, & Colloids, -how can we know you guys are screening for them in our drinking water?
“Installation of halide-specific removal techniques in centralized brine treatment facilities may be a better strategy to mitigate impacts on downstream drinking water treatment plants than altering disinfection strategies. The potential formation of multiple [disinfection byproducts] in drinking water utilities in areas of shale gas development requires comprehensive monitoring plans beyond the common regulated [disinfection byproducts],” the study said.
Kim Feil

NOV 2014 UPDATE Timesonline reported“For Dufalla, a man with 67 years under his belt as a park ranger in southwestern Pennsylvania, the damage already done is hard to ignore.

“Frack water is definitely getting into our water,” he said.

“I am a die-hard fisherman. I used to fish below the Clyde Mine discharge (into the Monongahela River). I used to catch fish galore,” said Dufalla. After unconventional gas drilling took off, he said, “white bass disappeared, striped bass disappeared, walleye disappeared. I quit fishing from there.”

Dufalla said the gas companies are guilty of obfuscating the truth, that they are deceptive about the ability of fracking fluid to make it into the waterways.

“How the DEP lets this go through is beyond me,” he said. “There’s so many flaws.”

Dufalla said the water testing he’s done weekly for the last four years tells the story. For example, he said bromide is an identifier of fracking waste and the discharge coming from the Cumberland, Emerald and Clyde mines shows high levels of bromides.”

SEPT 2014 Bromide UPDATE Laboratory Talk reported (I boldfaced) that Sept 2014 Rice University (RU) studied produced water from shale formations in Texas, Pennsylvania & New Mexico… “Initially, the project undertook chemical analysis of fracking fluids pumped through gas-producing shale formations in Texas, Pennsylvania and New Mexico. Early findings suggested that shale oil and gas-produced water does not contain significant amounts of the polyaromatic hydrocarbons that could pose health hazards. Instead, the research team discovered minute amounts of other chemical compounds which led the team to suggest that the industry would be wise to focus its efforts on developing nonchemical treatments for fracking and produced water. RU team also found that produced water contained potentially toxic chlorocarbons and organobromides, most likely formed from interactions between high levels of bacteria in the water and salts or chemical treatments used in fracking fluids.

Barron said industry sometimes uses chlorine dioxide or hypochlorite treatments to recycle produced water for reuse, but these treatments can often enhance bacteria’s ability to convert naturally occurring hydrocarbons to chlorocarbons and organobromides.”

The abstract of the study can be found here.

UPDATE in Aug 2014 as more info is found that supports what I suspected…..

Back in 2011 Penn State researchers found elevated Bromide levels in rural PA water wells AFTER the drilling phase (not the fracking phase)…..Well golly gee a year after we allowed Urban Drilling here in Arlington, Bromate was being detected. Bromide mixed with ozone makes….Bromate – yes our city ozonates our tap water….dang…..have we been drinking drilling mud effluents?… p r o b a b l  y
Above photo is 2007 City of Arlington Water Quality Report where Bromate is first reported. See that the Maximum level reported is a whopping 8ppb (MCL Max Contaminant Limit=10) OUCH…to my recollection, active drilling (and spilling?) started in 2006.
Here is the link to Arlington’s 2001-2012 drinking water reports.…BromIDE is in drilling mud and when it goes through the ozonation process, that forms BromATE.
Then Bromate isn’t reported again until 2011 & 2012, but by then it has dropped to being less than half of the MCL with both years reported at the ave,min,&max = <5ppb…..gee what happened around then…the drilling (and spilling?) slowed down quite a bit….hmmm….but what about the years 2008,2009 & 2010 when we still had alot of active drilling? If it was detected, it is reportable to the public because Bromate is regulated…..maybe it was just averaged away?…..
But wait….what is that itsy bitsy small number say next to the word “Bromate”?….
Why it says to read legend number 6, so lets read it together please…..
huh? … Compliance is based on a calculated running annual average of the quarterly averages”….
I’ve taken some advanced statistics courses, and to me this stinks of watering down the spiking events…I guess I’ll just do an open records and have them break this down by treatment plants and individual test data so I can see what these numbers were before they got “averaged to death”. I hope this “averaging to death” doesn’t literally happen to any Arlington residents who may have been exposed to unsafe levels of Bromate.
—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: “” <>
Cc: “” <>; “” <>
Sent: Thursday, October 17, 2013 10:51 AM
Subject: ozonation staging to reduce Bromate in our drinking water
Mr Westbrook, since this recent article…
I looked at our 2009 water report and Bromate was not on there, but by 2011 and 2012, I now see it.
Since Bromide is in drilling muds and a recent City Council meeting on the Eden site shows a 2010 photo of a drilling mud accident that never made it into our incident reports has me concerned that more Bromide is getting into our drinking water source then when it goes through our disinfecting ozonation process, it then becomes a reportable contaminate called Bromate.
Below is info that shows how to reduce our Bromate exposure…how is the city working to reduce Bromate in their staging of the ozonation?
 • Optimization of the Disinfection Process The type and location of disinfection can greatly affect the amount of bromate formed. This must always be checked against providing required CT values. Moving the ozonation point to a location following a NOM removal process (e.g. coagulation) will reduce the ozone demand. Staging the ozonation with ozone addition in smaller doses from multiple locations can reduce the ozone to DOC and ozone to bromide ratio, and consequently reduce the bromate formation. Reducing the pH to less than 7 will minimize the bromate formation, but will increase the brominated organic compound formation. The addition of ammonia or hydrogen peroxide can also decrease bromate formation.”
 ———————————–end email————
update….. a drilling mud accident happened in Oct 2013 in Ohio where  they were boring for a pipeline and drilling mud entered  the cellar of the home through their water well and now the home is no longer livable.
Below is a follow up to the above email to our city…

—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: “” <>
Cc: Buzz Pishkur <>
Sent: Friday, August 8, 2014 8:12 PM
Subject: Fw: follow up on Bromate from 10/13 request
Here is the (now broken) link to Arlington’s 2001-2012 drinking water reports...When the link was working, I noted that Bromate is reported starting in 2006 with highest reading at a whopping 8ppb (MCL=10) ..just after the advent of urban drillling and possibly drilling mud spilling?….then it isn’t reported again until 2011 & 2012 and both years are reported at the ave,min,&max = <5ppb. But during our active drilling years of 2008, 2009 & 2010, it wasn’t reported so either we didn’t have the spills or it was averaged away to the nonreportable levels. So my questions are…
1) How to view the water quality reports back from 2001 to 2012?
2) How was 2007-2010 averaged? Is it the same as is currently being averaged Compliance is based on a calculated running annual average of the quarterly averages”?
3) How is the city mitigating how ozone worsens Bromate? Even though recently it has been <5ppb, I see the risk that averaging may be covering up spike events at one of the treatment plants over a short period of time and hope to get some feedback on this concern.

 Optimization of the Disinfection Process The type and location of disinfection can greatly affect the amount of bromate formed. This must always be checked against providing required CT values. Moving the ozonation point to a location following a NOM removal process (e.g. coagulation) will reduce the ozone demand. Staging the ozonation with ozone addition in smaller doses from multiple locations can reduce the ozone to DOC and ozone to bromide ratio, and consequently reduce the bromate formation. Reducing the pH to less than 7 will minimize the bromate formation, but will increase the brominated organic compound formation. The addition of ammonia or hydrogen peroxide can also decrease bromate formation.”
Thank you
PS There is a push to get indirect demand for NG for chemical plants that could get Chesapeake active in our backyards again…this is why I am staying on top of issues to be uncovered if any and resolved before they come back. 

About Kim Triolo Feil

Since TX Statute 253.005 forbids drilling in heavily settled municipalities, I unsuccessfully ran for City Council Seat to try to enforce this. Since Urban Drilling, our drinking water has almost tripled for TTHM's. Before moving to Arlington in 1990, I lived in Norco’s “cancer alley”, a refinery town. It was only after Urban Drilling in Arlington did I start having health effects. After our drill site was established closest to my home, the chronic nosebleeds started. I know there are more canaries here in Arlington having reactions to our industrialized airshed (we have 55-60 padsites of gas wells). Come forward and report to me those having health issues especially if you live to the north/northwest of a drill site so I can map your health effects on this blog. My youtube account is KimFeilGood. FAIR USE NOTICE: THIS SITE MAY CONTAIN COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL THE USE OF WHICH HAS NOT ALWAYS BEEN SPECIFICALLY AUTHORIZED BY THE COPYRIGHT OWNER. MATERIAL FROM DIVERSE AND SOMETIMES TEMPORARY SOURCES IS BEING MADE AVAILABLE IN A PERMANENT UNIFIED MANNER, AS PART OF AN EFFORT TO ADVANCE UNDERSTANDING OF THE SOCIAL JUSTICE ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH EMINENT DOMAIN AND THE PRIVATIZATION OF PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE (AMONG OTHER THINGS). IT IS BELIEVED THAT THIS IS A 'FAIR USE' OF THE INFORMATION AS ALLOWED UNDER SECTION 107 OF THE US COPYRIGHT LAW. IN ACCORDANCE WITH TITLE 17 USC SECTION 107, THE SITE IS MAINTAINED WITHOUT PROFIT FOR THOSE WHO ACCESS IT FOR RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE: HTTP://WWW.LAW.CORNELL.EDU/ TO USE MATERIAL REPRODUCED ON THIS SITE FOR PURPOSES THAT GO BEYOND 'FAIR USE', PERMISSION IS REQUIRED FROM THE COPYRIGHT OWNER INDICATED WITH A NAME AND INTERNET LINK AT THE END OF EACH ITEM. (NOTE: THE TEXT OF THIS NOTICE WAS ALSO LIFTED FROM CORRIDORNEWS.BLOGSPOT.COM)
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