ERG Ft Worth fracking air study found Acrolein…a biocide & scavenger for H2S

UPDATE here is that 2011 pdf for part of the one million dollar Ft Worth air study

UPDATE July 10, 2015….Recently, Acrylonitrile (used in the fracking industry) burned and released hydrogen cyanide in Tennessee and Texas within a week of each other. Five thousand people had to be evacuated and some are facing water well contamination in Tennessee. In both cases, emergency personnel’s exposures required decontamination. Read more below about Acrylonitrile and Acrolein (from the formaldehyde family)….

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As we still fumble around to get a handle on our DFW SMOG problem that I have blogged about in the past, I remember now after reading my old comment (touched up below for better clarification) that I suspected that some of our SMOG is NOX related (not VOC) from fracking operations. Those who may have used Halliburton’s patented Acrylonitrile coatings for their frac sand and put under heated conditions could have generated NOX (and hydrogen cyanide).

Acrolein was found in exceeding quantities allowed in the ERG Ft Worth $1 million air study….wiki says of Acrolein “In the oil and gas industry, it is used as a biocide in drilling waters, as well as a scavenger for hydrogen sulfide and mercaptans.[1]

“A health-screening analysis of the measured and estimated air pollution

levels identified three pollutants—acrolein, benzene, and formaldehyde—

as the most important from a risk perspective.”

Amy Mall wrote...“but take, for example, Halliburton’s patent 7281580. In this patent, Halliburton mentions that one of the possible coatings for the sand is Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). Or take Halliburton’s patent 7799744, where acrylonitrile and butadiene may be used in a coating.

Breathing high concentrations of acrylonitrile can cause nose and throat irritation, tightness in the chest, difficulty breathing, nausea, dizziness, weakness, headache, impaired judgment, and convulsions. Laboratory animals exposed to high concentrations of acrylonitrile in their air or drinking water have shown decreased fertility and birth defects. According to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, there is evidence that children are much more sensitive to acrylonitrile than adults. In a few cases, children have died following exposure to acrylonitrile vapors that caused only minor nose and throat irritation in adults.”

 MY report on first two speakers, Ed & myself, at TCEQ public hearing…

7/14/2011 The TCEQ State Implementation Public hearing (10 am) first two speakers were myself an Ed Ireland (an industry paid shrill with a blog called the BSSEC).

Ed presented first this morning that the Phase 2 emissions equipment inventory shows that TCEQ has overstated the projected VOC emissions 5 times more than what the seven leaders of drilling in the Barnett Shale say they emit, that DFW traffic emissions are 6 times more than the almost 11,000 Barnett Shale wells emit in the 9 county area.

I (Kim Feil being the second speaker) questioned him that this equipment inventory does not account for MSS (Maintence Stat Up & Shut Down) emissions.

It is also worth noting that the TCEQ Permit By Rule application also does not require them to report MSS which includes…start up (site set up, truck traffic, drilling, fracking and flow back), maintenance (blowdowns for compressor stations), and shut down emissions. UPDATE 2014 the EPA New Source Performance Standards now requires MSS reporting for permits.

Once the wells are in production, then it’s up to the infrared cameras to detect the invisible hydrocarbons. And so only NOT counting MSS and only inventory equipment emissions is understating emissions.

In attacking ozone should TCEQ go after VOC’s or NOX? North Central Texas Council of Governments Air Quality Steering Committee brought in Dr David Allen from Univ of TX who explained that the (MIR) Maximum Incremental Reactivity scale for ozone from methane is low at .014 compared to xylene at 9.75.

In 2007 Toxic risk dot com reported that the GM plant, which is just a mile from here, spewed 85 tons of xylene. TCEQ would do well to limit the xylene at the GM plant, the gas wells at the GM plant, and the numerous gas factories in this nonattainment area.

A new study released Monday from the Global Community Monitor, found 22 toxic chemicals, including four known carcinogens, in air sampled in Colorado and New Mexico near natural-gas production facilities. Acr(krillo)ylonitrile, (used in fracking formulas) was detected in five samples at 3 to 15 times above the EPA long term limit. One family from Garfield County in Colorado that lived about a half-mile from six natural gas rigs had to flee their home after developing rashes and nose bleeds.
Acr(krillo)ylonitrile flow back is highly flammable and toxic. It undergoes explosive polymerization. Haliburton has patents for this chemical to coat the fracking sand. The MSDS says to avoid heat but fracking at these depths cannot escape the intense heat. If you burn this at the evaporization test pilot site at the Arc Park Ft Worth Compressor Station, the burning of this material could release fumes of hydrogen cyanide and oxides of nitrogen (NOX) . The EPA says Acrylonitrile can contribute to the formation of photochemical smog when it reacts with other volatile substances in the air.

Peak summer emissions from Barnett Shale oil and condensate tanks VOC’s increase 375%, methane and carbon dioxide increase at least 250%, and the HAP’s increase almost 1,800%. In the preliminary Ft Worth air study, xylene isomers had the highest HAP’s. Not only is Xylene a HAP, it is an extremely reactive VOC.
I say look for your biggest bang in reducing ozone by reducing NOX like acr(krillo)ylonitrile AND VOC’s with high Maximum Incremental Reactive(ness) like xylene.

You cannot control mother nature’s peak summer temperatures, but you/WE can control the exponential emissions by mandating vapor recovery systems even in dry gas areas like the Barnett.

I continue to ask TCEQ to include in their air testing… formaldehye, carbon disulfide, glycol (glycol ethers) and acrylonitrile (AND Acrolein).

There continues to be public risk in what I consider faulty Effect Screening Levels due to endocrine disruptions being found at parts per trillion for example…the “ EPA safe” dose of bisphenol was found to result in a generation of male, obese, feminine, unhealthy-endocrine disrupted mice.

Drilling for natural gas near humans makes us like mice in a lab. I have coined the MICE acronym phrase to stand for “Multiple Inputs Cumulative Effects” for which there is no state or federal regulation.

Here is a link to my notes on the location Arc Park Chk  Everas evaporation of produced waters using compressor heat


About Kim Triolo Feil

Since TX Statute 253.005 forbids drilling in heavily settled municipalities, I unsuccessfully ran for City Council Seat to try to enforce this. Since Urban Drilling, our drinking water has almost tripled for TTHM's. Before moving to Arlington in 1990, I lived in Norco’s “cancer alley”, a refinery town. It was only after Urban Drilling in Arlington did I start having health effects. After our drill site was established closest to my home, the chronic nosebleeds started. I know there are more canaries here in Arlington having reactions to our industrialized airshed (we have 55-60 padsites of gas wells). Come forward and report to me those having health issues especially if you live to the north/northwest of a drill site so I can map your health effects on this blog. My youtube account is KimFeilGood. FAIR USE NOTICE: THIS SITE MAY CONTAIN COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL THE USE OF WHICH HAS NOT ALWAYS BEEN SPECIFICALLY AUTHORIZED BY THE COPYRIGHT OWNER. MATERIAL FROM DIVERSE AND SOMETIMES TEMPORARY SOURCES IS BEING MADE AVAILABLE IN A PERMANENT UNIFIED MANNER, AS PART OF AN EFFORT TO ADVANCE UNDERSTANDING OF THE SOCIAL JUSTICE ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH EMINENT DOMAIN AND THE PRIVATIZATION OF PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE (AMONG OTHER THINGS). IT IS BELIEVED THAT THIS IS A 'FAIR USE' OF THE INFORMATION AS ALLOWED UNDER SECTION 107 OF THE US COPYRIGHT LAW. IN ACCORDANCE WITH TITLE 17 USC SECTION 107, THE SITE IS MAINTAINED WITHOUT PROFIT FOR THOSE WHO ACCESS IT FOR RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE: HTTP://WWW.LAW.CORNELL.EDU/ TO USE MATERIAL REPRODUCED ON THIS SITE FOR PURPOSES THAT GO BEYOND 'FAIR USE', PERMISSION IS REQUIRED FROM THE COPYRIGHT OWNER INDICATED WITH A NAME AND INTERNET LINK AT THE END OF EACH ITEM. (NOTE: THE TEXT OF THIS NOTICE WAS ALSO LIFTED FROM CORRIDORNEWS.BLOGSPOT.COM)
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