UPDATE 1/16/15 “Duke University geochemistry professor Avner Vengosh and his team of scientists found that wastewater produced by both conventional and unconventional oil drillers contains high volumes of ammonium andiodide — chemicals that, when dissolved in water or mixed with other pollutants, can encourage the formation of toxins like carcinogenic disinfection byproducts and have negative impacts on aquatic life.”
In naming this blog BarnettShaleHELL, this is a most appropriate blog….
Normally occurring produced waters disturbed (way down there in the bowels of hell) is made worse by frac chemicals and/or by injecting tracers. Once we bring that stuff up (never mind the stuff that stays down there), we currently have four choices….
1) spill it
2) re-inject it (to cause quakes or later migrate into drinking supplies)
3) evaporate it into our airshed to fallout as acid rain
4) treat it (release it or refrack with it)
This blog is about option number 4 and HALIDES.
“Halogens are highly reactive, and as such can be harmful or lethal to biological organisms in sufficient quantities. This high reactivity is due to the high electronegativity of the atoms due to their high effective nuclear charge. They can gain an electron by reacting with atoms of other elements.”
Previously I blogged about COLLOIDS that are electrocharged and leach out the metals in our soil so that surface spills present can exponentially pollute our storm water runoff at these drill sites.
WaterOnLine had an article called “How Does Fracking Impact Water”…
“Even a little bit of frac water appears to pose a threat in the environment….results suggest that total elimination of [fracking wastewater] discharge and/or installation of halide-specific removal techniques in centralized brine treatment…
Another report that appeared in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal Environmental Science:
SEPT 2014 Bromide UPDATE Laboratory Talk reported that Sept 2014 Rice University (RU) studied produced water from shale formations in Texas, Pennsylvania & New Mexico… “Initially, the project undertook chemical analysis of fracking fluids pumped through gas-producing shale formations in Texas, Pennsylvania and New Mexico. Early findings suggested that shale oil and gas-produced water does not contain significant amounts of the polyaromatic hydrocarbons that could pose health hazards. Instead, the research team discovered minute amounts of other chemical compounds which led the team to suggest that the industry would be wise to focus its efforts on developing nonchemical treatments for fracking and produced water. RU team also found that produced water contained potentially toxic chlorocarbons and organobromides, most likely formed from interactions between high levels of bacteria in the water and salts or chemical treatments used in fracking fluids.
Barron said industry sometimes uses chlorine dioxide or hypochlorite treatments to recycle produced water for reuse, but these treatments can often enhance bacteria’s ability to convert naturally occurring hydrocarbons to chlorocarbons and organobromides.”
Arlington this is your water….
this is your water on frack…
this is your frack on crack water…