Frack Fluid 2 “useful” products: who measures NORM?

Oct 2018 UPDATE In Texas the frackers like to say we don’t have the NORM/radiation levels like those found in the northeast…but according to this study….it is the EXTRACTION process (fracking using slick waters/chemicals interacting with the brine waters disturbed invoking the NORM into being.

“Landis and his team found that when high salinity water passes by the mineral or organic surface, radium is ejected from its surface and added to the solution, turning the saline water radioactive. An important question researchers are still examining is the source of this saline water, Sharma said. The original slick water that is ejected into the rock contains a mixture of chemicals including biocides and hydrochloric acid, which help to increase the flow of fluids. Though this water contains little to no salt, the wastewater that comes back up is 10 times more saline than ocean water. The salinity of wastewater from fracking is important because the slick water alone does not extract radium, according to Sharma. Rather, the high saline composition of the wastewater is responsible.”

Maybe this is why they say that the higher the salinity the higher the NORM? Towards the end of this blog post it shows a big CITY of Arlington FAIL to not take Duke University’s offer to test our produced waters.

UPDATE I found out that growing cotton with recycled produced waste water is being piloted. Read HERE

——–end update——–

Here is  link from 2010 showing how V A R I A B L E flowback waters for recycling are….hint radionuclides like alpha, gamma, radon, etc were not on this list but that doesn’t mean they are not there.

UPDATE 12/13/15…yeah the Arlington semi annual water results/PIR was emailed to me for free!! It will take time to go through this.

In the mean time read HERE on a WFAA 2014 news story about radioactivy showing up in Hudson oaks, two water supplies in Aledo, Chico of Wise county, & three public wells in Parker county.

“Since then, News 8 has also learned of contaminated water wells at the Crazy Horse Ranch housing development, Saddle Club Estates, and Silver Creek Elementary School in Azle”.

UPDATE Nov 24 2015 here is my PIR I hope I can afford to pay for…. “Please provide raw water semi annual monitoring reports at both water intake plants (one which is Lake Arlington) from 2005 through current. The testing includes VOC’s, metals, pesticides, and phosphate”.  Note I didn’t mention NORM? Thats because our city doesn’t test that semiannually per this email…..

—– Forwarded Message —–
From: Buzz Pishkur <>
To: ‘kim feil’ <>
Sent: Monday, August 17, 2015 3:56 PM
Subject: RE: At Arlington sponsored gas well forum “cement rot” came up in the discussion
Kim:  We monitor raw water at our intake on Lake Arlington twice per year. The testing includes VOC’s, metals, pesticides, and phosphate. We routinely monitor for Ph, temperature, etc.  The raw water sample information is not on our website but is provided when requested by a resident.
From: kim feil []
Sent: Thursday, August 13, 2015 7:17 AM
To: Buzz Pishkur
Subject: At Arlington sponsored gas well forum “cement rot” came up in the discussion
Hello Mr Pishkur below is an article from WWI…with the last round of Arlington flooding at Lake Arlington (and it being a piping issue on the Ft Worth side) of the sewer breach, I’m not sure how relevant this article is about a product that helps concrete be waterproof, but the subject of cement rot did come up as a concern for gas well casings at the Arlington sponsored gas well forum…no one was able to answer any water quality concern questions. Here is the video in its entirety. It is two hours long but if you can let it run while you work you can then see how and why we fear the worst for eventual long term liveablity issues in Arlington’s Urban Drilling embrace. Collin Gregory may not have passed on those questions to you, but it would be appreciated if the city webpage from the water department had a link covering concerns of having surface and subsurface gaswell infrastructures near/under Lake Arlington.
Perhaps a list of what we have started to screen for since the advent of Urban Drilling?
A link to those “passed” test results.
Anything that shows we are not “business as usual” post urban drilling and maybe something that shows pro activeness like…new detectors added-what they screen for etc.


UPDATE Nov 20 2015…more earthquakes rattle Oklahoma and they are responding with the closure of some injection wells and the risk that recycling become the NORM means we  h a v e  to look at NORM!

—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: Trey Yelverton <>; Jeff Williams <>; Buzz Pishkur <>; Jim Parajon <>
Cc: Robert Rivera <>; Lana Wolff <>; Charlie Parker <>; Robert Shepard <>; Jimmy Bennett <>; Michael Glaspie <>; Sheri Capehart <>; Kathryn Wilemon <>; Cynthia Simmons <>; Don Crowson <>; Collin Gregory <>; “” <>; Cindy Powell <>
Sent: Friday, November 20, 2015 10:54 AM
Subject: Oklahoma closing some injection wells-recycling there to follow?/ Re: Duke University offering NORM test
Mr. Rusty Ward (10/2018 update RIP Rusty Ward who never responded back on this) of Enervest (formerly of Carrizo) is checking with his headquarters in Houston to see if they will provide the sample. I haven’t heard back from Mr Pishkur or Trey but wanted to give you the opportunity to be a partner in this.
Over time injection wells may not be an option. I read that it may take ten years to see the effects of the first injection wells. We’ve had injection wells in Texas for awhile now but never at this build out due to the unconventional hydraulic fracturing technique.
There was an inventor, Pandya, that was trying to work with Grand Prairie and he never answered my question on how he addresses NORM with “landfill” ready product….FYI…  Long term fracking fluids ground water migration unknown in Marcellus geology
Radioactive? recycled fracking waste water for fire-fighting, road de-icing, dust control, & using wet drilling mud for drought-ed soil should be on EVERY Texan’s radar.
Here is the Youtube video of a conversation with a RRC representative about using drilling mud for land farming.
And here is land farming in action photos…thanks Texas Sharon!.
Here is a picture showing plants trying to grow in different salinity conditions. Keep in mind the RRC guy said chlorides have to be below 3,000…hmmmnn…
And here is a youtube video from Google Earth that suggests these are landfarms too courtesy of CitizenMedia.
Last year this study was posted in the Environmental Law publication…..
—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: Jeff Williams <>; Robert Rivera <>; Lana Wolff <>; Charlie Parker <>; Robert Shepard <>; Jimmy Bennett <>; Michael Glaspie <>; Sheri Capehart <>; Kathryn Wilemon <>; Jim Parajon <>
Cc: Brett Shipp <>; Chris Klaus <>; Joe Tex <>; Anthony R. Ingraffea <>; Mark Z. Jacobson <>
Sent: Tuesday, November 17, 2015 8:58 AM
Subject: Fw: Help me w/ fairmontbrine’s process on NORM concerns
Please help in this effort to ensure we are not recycling frack fluid “products” that land on our roads (risking storm water run-off), as fire fighting fluids, or watering crops in drought areas with wet drilling mud (RRC person told me this is common).
—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: “” <>; Buzz Pishkur <>; Don Crowson <>; Trey Yelverton <>
Cc: Zacariah Hildenbrand <>; Jim Parajon <>; Cynthia Simmons <>
Sent: Tuesday, November 17, 2015 8:27 AM
Subject: Help me w/ fairmontbrine’s process on NORM concerns


Dear Vengosh, Pishkur, Yelverton, & Crowson, the Associated Press reported how they are re-using processed frack fluid and letting the fire departments use the distilled “water” to fight fires.
Dr Vengosh, since you lead the Duke team in finding tracers of drilling effluents, I ask if your detective work can be applied to the recycling efforts “products” too? Parsing our toxic waste into useful products without testing it’s radioactivity is a huge concern.
They also used the salt for to de-ice and for dust control on the roads roads.
They also say they use the distilled liquid to re-frack with. Part of what I am concerned with in the brine reprocess is the creation of what I  call increasing toxicity (“frack-on-crack”) risk if they use any type of chlorine application (they say they use activated charcoal to make the distilled water but the very nature of chlorine is that it is a salt and wiki says Calcium chloride (chemical formula CaCl2) is the ionic compound of calcium and chlorine.)…they may be making a bromate/halogen nightmare in storm run off efffluents?
They say that the majority of the Marcellous wells use the liquid salt (calcium chloride) during a process to maintain well pressure and keep the gas in place when PULLING OUT THE PLUGS (Mr Crowson… the Truman site was in that activity when the odor event occurred end Jan 2013 and they told our AFD that NO chemicals were being used-how can we verify that?).
Tetra chemicals says “This product is widely used in oilfield applications as completion and workover fluids to increase density, and as a drilling mud additive to increase density and prevent clay hydration”.
Mr Pishkur everytime here in the metroplex when they talk about salting the roads…we get freaked out because we always wonder #WHOwillTEST4NORM here in Tarrant county to verify if TXdot is using any refurbished frackwaste products like they are doing in the northeast?
Please all three respond and anybody cc’d can chime in too, thanks!
Trey please consider allowing UTA CLEAR to bid for this job of testing any recycled frack waste water if this recycling is happening in the Barnett Shale.
Kim Feil
—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: cindy powell <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; Timothy N. Edwards <>; “” <>
Cc: “” <>; “” <>; Robert Rivera <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; Trey Yelverton <>; Jim Parajon <>; Don Crowson <>; Collin Gregory <>; Brett Shipp <>; “” <>; Jeff Williams <>; Buzz Pishkur <>
Sent: Wednesday, November 18, 2015 9:46 AM
Subject: Duke University offering to test for NORM please assist/see Seguin pic
Duke University is offering to test our produced water for radionuclides, please contact your Arlington City Council official to encourage this be carried out as we want to be in front of the growing demand (like in the northeast because they cannot do injection wells) for recycling drilling waste (produced) waters for it’s “useful by-products”: salt and liquid salt, de-icing roads, and then using the distilled water for refracking or fire-fighting. 
Should we begin to limit injection wells here in Texas (like Oklahoma is doing in some seismic sensitive areas), we want to know if these “useful” products are radioactive.
Additionally per Duke University, flowback waste can be cleaned up of its NORM when combined with acid mine waste water. In transitioning to renewables, mining for the metals in batteries, and wind/solar applications will produce acid mine waste.
We minus well use the acid mine waste to clean up flowback’s NORM and this test will be helpful in that aspect too.
Kim Feil
PS we’ll still need someone to test that soil too.
Inline image
And so we still need to test the “land applications” surrounding the drill sites by our IASD schools like Sequin Highschool…

Inline image

From: kim feil <>
To: cindy powell <>; “” <>; “” <>
Cc: Buzz Pishkur <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; Robert Rivera <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>; “” <>
Sent: Tuesday, May 6, 2014 9:24 PM
Subject: toxic mud farming suspected near AISD schools


Below is the results of a recent Open Records Request with the City of Arlington’s Gas Well Department. They were not able to answer my question “Please send info on any NORM readings of the frack sand mitigation socks that catch flying frack sand. No opacity violation was issued on the Bruder event and there should have been one. Here is the video …
 ….but more important is that we need to know where these sacks are being disposed of as there have been violations in other states where these sacks have been improperly disposed of and they are radioactive. 
How can the city show the residents that they will enforce mitigation devices as the ordinance states and that the driller is properly disposing of these and that they are not ending up in our landfills? Here is more info on that
Below is the city’s response. What they “did” send me however opened another can of worms related to the term …  “Closed-Loop Mud System” which turns out that the name is so misleading because the mud is not sequestered in closed tanks.  It is allowed to be spread out in the open (urban?) fields to which I’m suspecting is adjacent to the AISD and MISD schools.
Please read my research on recent studies on TENORM. I have pictures of AISD schools near what TCEQ has verified to be some type of land application….
I have to do open records with the RRC to get these Arlington locations, but I have a feeling that not all mud farming is identified via permits (that I believe have annual testing for chlorides? before more “drilling mud” farming can occur). The reason I believe the RRC doesn’t know where all the mud farm sites are is because I have a Aug 2012 audio of a RRC  rep saying that no testing is needed of water (soil) “where the owner gives permission to land farm on the same lease the well is on”. So then there may be no records where a permit was not needed.
The hot Texas sun will bake that radioactive drilling mud and send it airborne and it only takes one NORM particle to be inhaled to start disease.
Then there is the concern for wildlife, pets, produce, run off… what have we done allowing this risk near AISD schools?
*What is a Closed-Loop Mud System?
“This is a process where all cuttings that are created by the drilling of the new hole will be transported by truck off location to an approved disposal system. The cuttings are normally distributed on top of the ground & turned in by a tandem or disk like equipment. All of the disposal sites have been approved & monitored by the Railroad Commission. Cuttings are particles of formation obtained from a well during drilling operations. They are brought to the surface by circulating mud-laden fluid.”
Cindy, Hibbs and Cavazos, please comment on how you plan to assist me in having some soil tested in these suspect areas?
My goal is to have the public be informed so that they can decide if they want their children and families living in urban drilling settings where our air, soil, and water sheds are subjected to the risks of heavy metals, chemicals, BTEX, hydrocarbons, arsenic and NORM.
Law suits may not be allowed at the school, city, or state level but once people become informed, sanctions could be placed on drilling towns if people decide not to live in shale areas if that means a higher cancer risk .
I can’t fully inform everyone with perfect science by myself…but lately the momentum is there as more people are on board with the topic of drilling not being safe as first touted. Like the decades of denial that cigarettes cause cancer.
 I’m getting record hits on my blog and just yesterday attorneys Harris, Finley & Bogle in Ft Worth (who specialize in protecting the oil and gas companies) are reading/searching out my work.
Please lead the efforts I have started here…if you are last to show concern, shame on you and let the people make their “move”.

Kim Feil

TEX LG. CODE ANN. A§ 253.005 : Texas Statutes – Section 253.005: LEASE OF OIL, GAS, OR MINERAL LAND
“(c) A well may not be drilled in the thickly settled part of the municipality..”

Texas Administrative Code, Title 30, Part 1, Chapter 101, Subchapter A,
Rule 101.4, Environmental Quality, Nuisance

No person shall discharge from any source whatsoever one or more
air contaminants or combinations thereof, in such concentration and
of such duration as are or may tend to be injurious to or to adversely
affect human health or welfare, animal life, vegetation, or property, or
as to interfere with the normal use and enjoyment of animal life, vegetation,
or property.


—– Forwarded Message —–
From: City of Arlington – Open Records <>
Sent: Monday, May 5, 2014 2:03 PM
Subject: Open Records Request :: W015342-050214


— Please respond above this line —



Feil Kim
Old Town Neighborhood Association
Arlington, TX 76011

RE: Public Records Request for Community Development and Planning records

Dear Feil Kim,

Your public information request to the City of Arlington, received 5/2/2014, has been referred to me for response. The below information are the only records/information found that are responsive to your request:

City of Arlington – Gas Well Ordinance:

31.       Waste Disposal.  Unless otherwise directed by the RRC (Railroad Commission), all tanks used for storage shall conform to the following:
a.   Operator must use portable closed steel storage tanks for storing liquid hydrocarbons.  Tanks must meet API standards.  All tanks must have a vent line, flame arrester and pressure relief valve.  No tank battery shall be within one hundred (100) feet of any dwelling or other combustible structure.
b.   Drilling mud, cuttings, liquid hydrocarbons and all other field waste derived or resulting from or connected with the drilling, re-working or deepening of any well shall be discharged into above-ground tanks (closed loop mud system).  All disposals must be in accordance with the rules of the RRC and any other appropriate local, state or federal agency.
c.   Unless otherwise directed by the RRC, waste materials shall be removed from the site and transported to an off-site disposal facility not less often than every thirty (30) days.  Water stored in on-site tanks shall be removed as necessary.
All waste shall be disposed of in such a manner as to comply with the air and water pollution control regulations of the State, this Ordinance and any other applicable ordinance of the City.

For further Texas state regulation information, please contact:


Texas Railroad Commission Contact Information:


Fort Worth
(817) 882-8966
City Hall, 13th Street Annex,
401 W. 13th Street, 76102


Oil & Gas
Main line: (512) 463-6838

Please contact me if you have any questions regarding this matter.


Jyl Miller*
Community Development and Planning

Under the Texas Public Information Act you have the right to request access for inspection or copies of the requested records.  Failure to make arrangements for inspection or payment for copies by the 30th day after notice of their availability will result in the closure of your request. 

About Kim Triolo Feil

Since TX Statute 253.005 forbids drilling in heavily settled municipalities, I unsuccessfully ran for City Council Seat to try to enforce this. Since Urban Drilling, our drinking water has almost tripled for TTHM's. Before moving to Arlington in 1990, I lived in Norco’s “cancer alley”, a refinery town. It was only after Urban Drilling in Arlington did I start having health effects. After our drill site was established closest to my home, the chronic nosebleeds started. I know there are more canaries here in Arlington having reactions to our industrialized airshed (we have 55-60 padsites of gas wells). Come forward and report to me those having health issues especially if you live to the north/northwest of a drill site so I can map your health effects on this blog. My youtube account is KimFeilGood. FAIR USE NOTICE: THIS SITE MAY CONTAIN COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL THE USE OF WHICH HAS NOT ALWAYS BEEN SPECIFICALLY AUTHORIZED BY THE COPYRIGHT OWNER. MATERIAL FROM DIVERSE AND SOMETIMES TEMPORARY SOURCES IS BEING MADE AVAILABLE IN A PERMANENT UNIFIED MANNER, AS PART OF AN EFFORT TO ADVANCE UNDERSTANDING OF THE SOCIAL JUSTICE ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH EMINENT DOMAIN AND THE PRIVATIZATION OF PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE (AMONG OTHER THINGS). IT IS BELIEVED THAT THIS IS A 'FAIR USE' OF THE INFORMATION AS ALLOWED UNDER SECTION 107 OF THE US COPYRIGHT LAW. IN ACCORDANCE WITH TITLE 17 USC SECTION 107, THE SITE IS MAINTAINED WITHOUT PROFIT FOR THOSE WHO ACCESS IT FOR RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE: HTTP://WWW.LAW.CORNELL.EDU/ TO USE MATERIAL REPRODUCED ON THIS SITE FOR PURPOSES THAT GO BEYOND 'FAIR USE', PERMISSION IS REQUIRED FROM THE COPYRIGHT OWNER INDICATED WITH A NAME AND INTERNET LINK AT THE END OF EACH ITEM. (NOTE: THE TEXT OF THIS NOTICE WAS ALSO LIFTED FROM CORRIDORNEWS.BLOGSPOT.COM)
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