How #FRAckONcraCK gets into MUNICIPAL drinking water

UPDATE: DBP Disinfectant Byproducts is at the heart of our water woes regardless of fracking being near drinking water sources (think of the high bladder cancer rates and read on)….anytime water is being treated per

“…local water is regulated, but sometimes the odor and taste isn’t that great depending on where you live in the country. Also, to make water safe, water treatment plants often use chlorination or other disinfection techniques. The problem is that chlorination (and treatment methods such as ozone) can react with organic compounds in the water (e.g., algae), contaminants, bromide, and iodide and result in disinfection byproducts (DBPs), which have definite health risks.

Studies show DBPs may affect reproductive function (e.g., lower sperm counts, delayed puberty) and be linked to certain cancers, such as bladder cancer. There are several kinds of DBPs [e.g., Trihalomethanes (THMs), Haloacetic Acids (HAAs), Haloacetonitriles (HANs), etc.]. Some are currently regulated by the government, but the problem is that many are still “emerging.” So, your tap water may not be as safe as you think”.

UPDATE: Sadly, a company called Water Rescue Services in Midland had a deadly explosion when 23 yr old Julian Gallardo was mixing CHEMICALS. Scientists say to use NON-chemical ways to treat these waters to avoid unwanted disinfection by-products.

This blog entry is to educate folks on HOW dangerous (frack-related) by-products (crack) can form before, during, and after the frack and can legally be in our municipal treated drinking water…(UPDATE Arlington TX’s TTHM’s almost tripled since 2007/advent of Urban Drilling is a great correlation to take notice of!)

Duke University’s  Avner Vengosh, responded to my email where I was concerned that recycling produced water for useful products (like fighting fires, watering the roads) would make exponential amounts of “frack on crack”. His offer to test our Barnett Shale produced water was not responded to by our city officials or Enervest, one of our currently active operators in Arlington TX. Here is a copy of the offer…

—– Forwarded Message —–
From: “Avner Vengosh, Ph.D.” <>
To: kim feil <>
Cc: Buzz Pishkur <>; Don Crowson <>; Trey Yelverton <>; Zacariah Hildenbrand <>; Jim Parajon <>; Cynthia Simmons <>
Sent: Tuesday, November 17, 2015 10:59 PM
Subject: Re: Help me w/ fairmontbrine’s process on NORM concerns


If you guys can provide me water or solid samples of the Barnett Shale brines (flowback or produced water) we can measure and evaluate the risks for NORM in your water. We are doing that for the Bakken brines right now.


Avner Vengosh, PhD
Professor of Geochemistry and Water Quality,
Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences
Nicholas School of the Environment
205 Old Chemistry Building; Box 90227
Duke University
Durham, NC 27708



“Detective” Vengosh, along with other American and French scientists, have found natural tracers/tale-tell sign constituents to implicate drilling operators/water haulers in a produced water spill from unconventional oil & gas waste water.

Produced waste water is ancient formation waters that are disturbed and flow to the surface (or leak through casing failures) for the life of the well along with the oil & gas they mine for. Fracking for shale oil & gas disturbs and releases lithium and boron (tracers) which are natural elements found in shale rock. Not finding lithium & boron can exonerate fracking operators when investigating polluted water.

If flooded drillsites & spills weren’t enough to awake folks to the dangers of run off getting into aquifers, there are other ways of contamination besides (Texas/RRC ignored) NORM.

After-the-frack-water-contamination occurs not just from the chemicals injected (as found on FracFocus) that can spill during the mixing. Toxins brought up like polyaromatic hydrocarbons (-which thankfully were NOT found in Texas in high amounts per the Rice University RU study) are also a concern in all the differing geologys. The focus of this blog is about the contamination that occurs from unintended ways from re-actions…..

“RU team also found that produced water contained potentially toxic chlorocarbons and organobromides, most likely formed from interactions between high levels of bacteria in the water and salts or chemical treatments used in fracking fluids.

Barron said industry sometimes uses chlorine dioxide or hypochlorite treatments to recycle produced water for reuse, but these treatments can often enhance bacteria’s ability to convert naturally occurring hydrocarbons to chlorocarbons and organobromides.”

The abstract of the study can be found here.

Carcinogenic frack related by-products LEGALLY end up in OUR drinking water two ways… either they are under the state or federal MCL (maximum contaminant level) for TTHM and HAA5…..

TCEQ pg 178RG-346 Revised May 2012
Fees, Standards, and Reporting Requirements for Public Water Systems “§290.272(c)(4)(D)(iii) In accordance with date requirements included in the table under §290.115(a) of this title (relating to Stage 2 Disinfection Byproducts (TTHM and HAA5)), entitled “Date to Start Stage 2 Compliance,” for the MCLs for trihalomethanes (TTHM) and haloacetic acids (HAA5), systems must include the highest locational running annual average for TTHM and HAA5 and the range of individual sample results for all monitoring locations expressed in the same units as the MCL. If more than one location exceeds the TTHM or HAA5 MCL, the system must include the locational running annual averages for all sampling points that exceed the MCL”.

OR they are simply NOT screened for like Iodinated Trihalomethane that Vengosh was concerned about.

Vengosh stresses the importance of not spilling brine/produced water along the way and to use NONchemical methods in treating produced water.

I boldfaced on Avner’s quote to American Scientist: “In fact, what we found in another study that we published last year is that even a tiny amount of brine, naturally occurring bromide that’s coming from a spill, could have a devastating effect on communities living downstream from the discharged water, because when communities use surface water, they usually disinfect the water to get rid of bacterial contamination. This disinfection process generates by-products if the water contains two components: One is organic matter, which is common in many of the streams and rivers; the other component is halogen, which means bromide and iodide. We did some experiments with colleagues from Stanford University and showed that a tiny amount of hydraulic fracturing fluid mixed with surface water could trigger the formation of disinfection byproducts. Some components, such as iodinated trihalomethanes, which are extremely toxic, are not being regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and could be generated from the introduction of the wastewater into drinking water utilities. Even a tiny spill with a small amount of the bromide and iodide could trigger the formation of those highly toxic disinfection by-products in drinking water.

Naturally occurring contaminants, including the radioactivity, may have more effects and be more widespread than the manmade chemicals that everybody is making their focus”.

Which brings me back to my issue with NORM not being mandated to be tested for in Texas by the EPA or the state (TCEQ) when applying to treat and DISCHARGE oil & gas waste waters into the environment where allowed.

Please contact your representatives and demand:

  1. NON-CHEMICAL produced water treatments
  2. that we start screening for Iodinated Trihalomethanes at water treatment plants,
  3. that drilling operators and their contractors have to screen for AND report radionuclides BEFORE being allowed to treat & discharge or re-purposed produced waters,
  4. and that we classify produced water as TENORM so the water haulers have to keep TXDOT records that verify amounts being trucked from the padsites to the disposal wells.

My previous blog warns that as seismicity increases due to injection wells, that more restrictions to injection wells could result in the cost benefit of treating produced water (to sell as useful products) or releasing into the environment (for free if watering agriculture or wildlife) may become more commonplace in Texas …for now its still cheaper in Texas to inject it.

To recap the triggering of the formation of disinfection by products:

BEFORE the frack  a tiny amount of frac fluids mixing with surface water,

DURING the frack any on site spills, or along the way to dispose/treat,

DURING the recycling or treatment for release of produced waters, and

AFTER the frack any contaminated surface water being treated at our municipal drinking water facility.


—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: Buzz Pishkur <>
Sent: Tuesday, January 5, 2016 12:49 PM
Subject: Please tell me I’m wrong about the ways we can drink frack on crack
—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: “” <>
Cc: “” <>; “” <>; Lon Burnam <>
Sent: Wednesday, January 6, 2016 12:01 AM
Subject: High levels of Barnett Shale Beryllium (radionuclide) correlation found with density of gaswells w/high pressure
As the EPA established a UCMR3 list of constituents that water treatment plants are screening for, beryllium happens to be on that list. But pertaining to the permitting process for treating and releasing production/formation waters from the oil & gas industry, please mandate the screening for radionuclides and disinfection by-products before allowing it to be released into the environment, thank you.
UPDATE…I hate it when I’m right…there IS a (ground water) radiation problem and per this UTA Clear study just released………


“Migration pathways from fractured wells to groundwater are poorly understood

Geospatial modeling correlated groundwater chemicals to Barnett fractured wells

Increased Beryllium strongly associated with hydraulically fractured gas wells

Indirect evidence of pollutant migration via microannular fissures in well casing

Large-scale and spatial approach needed to detect groundwater quality changes”


Please help spread the word that Julian Gallardo’s death can be a potential life saver in preventing  #FRAckONcraCK which complicates waste-water’s toxicity, thank you.

update cut & paste…

—– Forwarded Message —–
From: kim feil <>
To: “” <>
Sent: Wednesday, January 20, 2016 11:18 AM
Subject: Be advised/evidence U were notified that alternatives to injection disposal should NOT involve the use of chemical treatments per geochemists
 Dear Representative Moore,
In following the resistance to the injection wells, please be aware of studies already performed in the recycling of produced waters from the oil & gas waste that requires proper disposal….


Please feel free to contact Ph.D. Avner Vengosh <> or Desiree Plata <>.
Professor Vengosh may be able to send you the full pdf for the study entitled…

Enhanced Formation of Disinfection Byproducts in Shale Gas Wastewater-Impacted Drinking Water Supplies 

I have asked our North Central Texas Council of Government to do industry outreach to educate those entities that recycle or repurpose production waters in the Barnett Shale to not use chemicals.
Awareness that treating production/formation waters using chemicals like chlorine is in my (clever marketing?) words creating “FRACKenstein frack on crack” that could impact our drinking water quality with elevated DBP ‘s like TTHM’s.
Elevated TTHM’s have already correlated with the onset of Urban Drilling in Arlington by a factor of 2.6 starting 2007.
Kim Feil







About Kim Triolo Feil

Since TX Statute 253.005 forbids drilling in heavily settled municipalities, I unsuccessfully ran for City Council Seat to try to enforce this. Since Urban Drilling, our drinking water has almost tripled for TTHM's. Before moving to Arlington in 1990, I lived in Norco’s “cancer alley”, a refinery town. It was only after Urban Drilling in Arlington did I start having health effects. After our drill site was established closest to my home, the chronic nosebleeds started. I know there are more canaries here in Arlington having reactions to our industrialized airshed (we have 55-60 padsites of gas wells). Come forward and report to me those having health issues especially if you live to the north/northwest of a drill site so I can map your health effects on this blog. My youtube account is KimFeilGood. FAIR USE NOTICE: THIS SITE MAY CONTAIN COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL THE USE OF WHICH HAS NOT ALWAYS BEEN SPECIFICALLY AUTHORIZED BY THE COPYRIGHT OWNER. MATERIAL FROM DIVERSE AND SOMETIMES TEMPORARY SOURCES IS BEING MADE AVAILABLE IN A PERMANENT UNIFIED MANNER, AS PART OF AN EFFORT TO ADVANCE UNDERSTANDING OF THE SOCIAL JUSTICE ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH EMINENT DOMAIN AND THE PRIVATIZATION OF PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE (AMONG OTHER THINGS). IT IS BELIEVED THAT THIS IS A 'FAIR USE' OF THE INFORMATION AS ALLOWED UNDER SECTION 107 OF THE US COPYRIGHT LAW. IN ACCORDANCE WITH TITLE 17 USC SECTION 107, THE SITE IS MAINTAINED WITHOUT PROFIT FOR THOSE WHO ACCESS IT FOR RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE: HTTP://WWW.LAW.CORNELL.EDU/ TO USE MATERIAL REPRODUCED ON THIS SITE FOR PURPOSES THAT GO BEYOND 'FAIR USE', PERMISSION IS REQUIRED FROM THE COPYRIGHT OWNER INDICATED WITH A NAME AND INTERNET LINK AT THE END OF EACH ITEM. (NOTE: THE TEXT OF THIS NOTICE WAS ALSO LIFTED FROM CORRIDORNEWS.BLOGSPOT.COM)
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