Our RRC commissioner, Ryan Sitton in the above photo, pointed out at a recent Earth Day speech in Dallas on injection wells that they “return that water back where it came from” suggesting in some imagined fashion of no harm done?
The RRC (aka Railroad Commission) is really the O&G regulatory agency for the state of Texas. Ryan and his wife, Jennifer (a mechanical engineer herself) founded a fracking-related industry …...”Pinnacle Advanced Reliability Technologies
PinnacleART™ is a leader in building, implementing and maintaining comprehensive reliability and integrity programs for process facilities in the oil and gas, chemical, mining, pharmaceutical, wastewater and electric power industries”.
Well rest UNassured we have radon issues in Texas – see the maps HERE….http://www.epdi.biz/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/MS5.pdf.
Be concerned that the oil & gas industry DISTURBS “that” which NORMally would be harmless to surface dwellers IF left down in the bowels of the earth. THEY set it in motion to migrate (or spill) disturbed NORM in our water supplies! How do I know this for a fact? In 2011, Rowan et al. showed that high salinity mobilizes radionuclides, increasing exposure to radioactive waste. Their abstract study reads…”A positive correlation between the logs of TDS and radium activity can be demonstrated for the entire dataset, and controlling for this TDS dependence, Marcellus shale produced water samples contain statistically more radium than non-Marcellus samples”.
We must move on to demanding renewable energy sources and also tap into hydro & geothermal opportunities in addition to reducing our pesticide use and other chemical applications.
We can disrupt the fossil fuel industry because (Earth to Trump) demand sets the supply…..if you OVER supply (like the mad dash for fracked gas operators learned), you price yourself out of business.
I learned about a start up company at Earth Day Dallas called Quidnet Energy who needs the assistance of the oil & gas operators to do test runs of which a dry well was tested in the Barnett Shale per a 2015 news article. The ironic part is that the fracking operators need to understand that Quidnet hopes to use renewable energy during the day from sun and wind to “charge up” or pressurize old REPURPOSED oil & gas wells with water to be released later (for example at night when the sun & wind has died). The released water goes into another reservoir to repeat/loop the process. I imagine this could be for small scale applications. I would be delighted if the frack well in my backyard would give me free energy instead of mining VOC’s into my airshed. Here is the patent link, https://www.google.com/patents/US20150027952.
When the market conditions are right, water that was stored underground is turned to energy via what I call a #RelaxedFRACK. A twitter video reads “generator is driven by a hydro-turbine w/high pressure H20 from repeatedly “relaxing” a 2K ft deep rock fracture”.
If you are offended by the “Relaxed Frack” term, just refer to the concept as ‘pumped hydro’ using geologic reservoirs (audio here)…… “CAs the pressure increases, rock below the surface compresses like a spring (aka spring loaded). When the water is discharged, the pressure is released, pushes the water through turbines, and creates electricity”.
This is not new technology & actually has its own acronym, PHES, which stands for pumped hydroelectric energy storage. Whats new is using the fracker wells minus the chemicals or proppants and “look mom” no wastewater. BUT I see issues with bacteria and microbes making a real stink if it comes into contact with air!
Per the Guardian in a 2016 article, Quidnet “launched a pilot project this past year in Erath County, Texas, to demonstrate the concept. Mandell and his co-founder Howard Schmidt, an engineer with oil company Saudi Aramco, used an abandoned natural gas well, which runs 2,800 feet deep, into a reservoir that could hold 50k gallons of water. The project showed that after pumping water into the well for 12 hours, their technology could generate six hours of electricity”.
Making useful abandoned-from-bankruptcy? wells! Our RRC cannot afford to plug per article “Oil Bust Leaves States with Massive Well Clean Up” even though RRC Statewide Rule 14 purports to do so!
Sadly, due to twitter info, https://twitter.com/quidnetenergy , the last Relaxed-Frack test they did in 2016 did not work and there seems to NOT be any 2017 information on this company. But owner, Aaron Mandell, has another start up company in the works!
Besides Quidnet, Mandell has WaterFX where they aspire to take produced water and distill it to make pure water……sounds energy intense to me, but any time we can reduce the amount of toxic fluids going into the earth in injection wells, the better. BUT I’m concerned about distilling frackwaters (CCS)and VOC emissions boiling out during the (solar friendly) heating up phase. WaterFX would need to use scrubbers to ensure no toxins are going into the air. And the leftover salts that operators like to sell as useful products would need to be tested for radionuclides.
In closing, Aaron Mandell gave me a business card with the company name, “AltaRock” (Enhanced Geothermal Systems), which is where I learned about a possible alternative divertor product (TZIMs) that MIGHT replace hydrochloric acid and toxic gel breakers that frackers currently use that risk polluting our water. Read about that here, https://barnettshalehell.wordpress.com/2017/04/30/tzims-may-teach-og-frackers-to-lose-the-acid-washes/.
In a nutshell, AltaRock now aspires to tap geothermal sources….aka Aaron already lead in fracking The Newberry Volcano for starters amid all the concerns around seismicity…..I guess I’d choose frackquakes over the impending “runaway climate change game over 4 planet”! This is one ambitious guy! There may be hope for this planet yet!